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Playlist: MabiliO's Favorites

Compiled By: Patró Mabíli Panther


Dynamic programs

Getting it Right - The First Time

From WAMU | 03:22

For the high school class of 2008, the next presidential election is a big deal.

Default-piece-image-2 For many young Americans, the 2008 presidential election will be the first time they will be eligible to vote. As they approach their 18th birthdays, the reality and importance of that decision are beginning to sink in. Youth Voices Reporter Anna Van Hollen has the story.

Blacks and Hispanics bear brunt of New York City marijuana arrests

From Jonah Engle | 07:12

Enforcement of marijuana laws is disproportionately affecting minorities

Default-piece-image-0 In 1994, newly elected Mayor Rudy Giuliani and his police chief Bill Bratton unveiled a plan to restore a city suffering from a crack epidemic and high crime. Under "quality of life" policing, the NYPD began enforcing a zero-tolerance policy of even minor infractions. A key feature of the new strategy targeted marijuana use. Marijuana misdemeanor arrests soared from fewer than 1000 in 1991 to over 50,000 in 2000. Now, new findings suggest blacks and Hispanics have disproportionately borne the brunt of these arrests. Jonah Engle has more.

Spychips: RFID tags as human-tracking devices

From Kellia Ramares | 15:00

Interview with Liz McIntyre

Default-piece-image-2 Liz McIntyre, communications director of C.A.S.P.I.A.N. (Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering), is a co-author (along with Katherine Albrecht, C.A.S.P.I.A.N.'s founder), of the book "Spychips: how major corporations and government plan to track your every move with RFID) In this interview, excerpted from a longer one, Liz and I discuss what Radio Frequency ID tags are, plans already in the works to track people for governmental and marketing purposes, and what people can do about it.

The Legacy of Torture

From Making Contact | Part of the Making Contact series | 29:00

In 1971, a San Francisco police officer was killed. Black Panther members were arrested and tortured, then charges were dismissed. In 2007 the case was re-opened, and some of the men re-arrested.

Sf8prx_small In 1971, John Young, a San Francisco police officer was killed. Members of the Black Panther party were arrested, charged and then tortured by San Francisco and New Orleans police. It is said the police used torture to extract their confessions. Eventually, the charges were dismissed. Now more than 35 years later, the case has been reopened. On January 23rd, 2007, some of those same men were arrested again. In this special documentary from the Freedom Archives, we hear from some of the accused men themselves. They describe the torture and how they were targeted for their political activities. Featuring: Ray Boudreaux, John Bowman, Richard Brown, Hank Jones and Harold Taylor, former Black Panthers; Soffiyah Elijah, attorney. Senior Producer/Host: Tena Rubio. Program #08-07- Begin date: 2/21/07. End date: 8/21/07 Please call us if you carry us - 510-251-1332 and we will list your station on our website. If you excerpt, please credit early and often.

After Oil

From 90.1 WFYI Public Radio | 58:58

When we look at all the things that made America what it is, It's fair to say that for the last hundred years or so, America has been shaped, more than anything, by cheap oil. But now, there are plenty of people telling us: "The party is over." The cheap oil is almost gone.

Afteroil_small When we look at all the things that made America what it is, It's fair to say that for the last hundred years or so, America has been shaped, more than anything, by cheap oil. But now, there are plenty of people telling us: "The party is over." The cheap oil is almost gone. America has always responded well to a crisis. But, thinking about "Peak Oil" -- considering the magnitude, the devastation it could cause to our lives and lifestyles ..... Considering all of that, the question becomes: Can we act BEFORE the crisis? To protect everything we take for granted today .... to stave-off a world Running on Empty? We HAVE the tools. But do we have the will? Do we have the determination? Do we have .... the energy? Join Barbara Bogaev from the Purdue College of Engineering for an exploration of our life - After Oil. Written and produced by Richard Paul. Peak oil, running out of oil, cheap oil, Oil, alternative energy, energy efficiency, coal to liquids, coal gasification, Rick Wagoner, Roger Bezdek , Matt Simmons, Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the World Economy, Joan Ogden, Institute Of Transportation Studies, Mike Ramage, Jay Gore, Purdue University?s Energy Center, Ernest Moniz, Reinhard Radermacher, Center for Environmental Energy Engineering, Dave Hamilton, Dakota Gasification Company, Sally Benson, Genencor, Jack Hutner, Michelle Holbrook, cellulosic ethanol, Mujeeb Ijaz, Rakesh Agrawal, Frank Lomax, H2Gen, hydrogen, Ron Gettelfinger, Alan Mulally, David Morris, Institute for Local Self Reliance

A Dollar's Worth

From NYCity News Service | 15:00

The US dollar has steadily depreciated against major currencies in the last five years. Recently, the decline has been even sharper. This week, our show explores what this economic trend means for New Yorkers.

Yapbthumbnailer The US dollar has steadily depreciated against major currencies in the last five years. Recently, the decline has been even sharper. In early November, the US dollar hit its lowest level against the euro since that currency?s debut in 1999. The value of the British pound is the highest its been to the US dollar in 26 years. Dr. Frank Braconi, Chief Economist at the City Comptroller?s Office, joins us in our studio in Times Square to discuss how the weaker dollar is affecting New Yorkers.

Sasha Abramsky: America: a Prison Nation

From KUOW | Part of the Speaker's Forum series | 49:59

Sasha Abramsky says America is a prison nation. He says that, thanks to twenty-five years of policy changes, prisons are the American story. Abramsky's third book on the cirminal justice sytem focuses on what he calls America's age of mass imprisonment

Default-piece-image-0 Sasha Abramsky says America is a prison nation. His third book on the United States' criminal justice system takes an investigative look at prisons. He says most people don't think of prisons when they think about the American story, but, in fact, thanks to twenty-five years of policy changes, prisons are our story. Abramsky follows up Conned and Hard Time Blues with American Furies: Crime, Punishment, and Vengeance in the Age of Mass Imprisonment. Abramsky spoke at Elliott Bay Book Company in Seattle on June 7th, 2007.

John Perkins: The Truth About Global Corruption

From KUOW | Part of the Speaker's Forum series | 51:00

John Perkins follows up his "Confessions of an Economic Hit Man" with more stories of U.S. corruption abroad. Perkins' new book is called "The Secret History of the American Empire: Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and the Truth About Global Corruption."

Default-piece-image-2 John Perkins' latest book, "The Secret History of the American Empire: Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and the Truth About Global Corruption," is a follow-up to his earlier "Confessions of an Economic Hit Man." Perkins says the work he did in Latin America was designed to squelch the economies of poor countries- and the U.S. government was in on it. He says his new book includes more stories, but this time from other once-corrupt individuals, not just himself. Perkins says the new book is more up-to-date, too, and gets into U.S. policy in the Middle East and Iraq. Perkins spoke at Town Hall Seattle on June 18th, 2007. Elliott Bay Book Company sponsored the talk.

Game As Old as Empire - Ellen Augustine

From Donna Descoteaux | Part of the Living Well Show series | 28:45

Ellen Augustine contributing author to Game as Old as Empire exposes the secret world of economic hit men and the web of global corruption. Ms Augustine shares the personal stories of those affected by these activities, giving a human face to the economic tragedy.

Abstractfeather0002_small Ellen Augustine contributing author to Game as Old as Empire, a follow up book on John Perkins's sensational New York Times bestseller Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. The book provides insight into the complex world of international economics and economic hit men. She tells us how multinational corporations, governments, powerful individuals, banks, financial institutions and quasi-governmental agencies operate to enrich the elite and corporate coffers while often impoverishing masses of people, creating debt and dependency that can economically enslave countries for generations. She exposes the secret world of economic hit men and the web of global corruption. Ms Augustine shares the personal stories of those affected by these activities, giving a human face to the economic tragedy. She also lets your listeners know how it affects us all and how they can help.

Morally Bankrupt

From Voices of Our World | 27:59

A new book titled ?The Color of Wealth? examines precisely how minorities, women, and immigrants have historically been the victims of the morally bankrupt political, legal, and economic policies of white men in America.

Greed1_small Part One: Moral Bankruptcy In a competitive system like capitalism, there are bound to be winners and losers. But what if the winners kept changing the rules so that the losers never had a chance? And what if the winners where all the same color and gender? Well, to most of us that would be pretty unfair, or perhaps even corrupt, but that is exactly what has been going on in America for the last 230 years. Money is power, and rich white men have used their money and power to rig the game in their favor. A new book titled ?The Color of Wealth? examines precisely how minorities, women, and immigrants have historically been the victims of the morally bankrupt political, legal, and economic policies of white men in America. Predictably, the consequences of the unjust laws and double standards imposed by these powerful white men are still haunting us today. Michael Jones talks with one of the authors of ?The Color of Wealth? Meizhu Liu. Part Two: Rich Man?s Burden It?s pretty easy to ridicule the rich for complaining about high taxes, but there is a powerful and effective lobby fighting on behalf of some of America?s richest and most influential families to repeal or reform the estate tax permanently. These families often use the power of political donations and campaign funding to ?convince? some politicians of the evils of the ?death tax? and to force them to draft legislation that would eliminate or greatly weaken it. But is there a moral obligation for the rich to pay more in taxes? Couldn?t the estate tax be seen as a way for the richest Americans to further contribute to the land that helped to make them rich? With great power comes great responsibility, and in this time of crisis, shouldn?t more be expected of America?s richest citizens? We continue our discussion with Lee Farris, senior advisor on the estate tax for United For a Fair Economy.

KERA Commentary: Let's Repeat The Past

From KERA | 02:56

Lessons from past history to avoid in dealing with the sub-prime mortgage crisis.

Default-piece-image-2 Commentator and communications consultant Merrie Spaeth looks back at past failed government efforts to address financial and economic issues (taxes, S&L's, etc.)as examples of how NOT to deal with the sub-prime mortgage crisis.

The Economic Anthropologist

From KRCB Voice of Youth | 09:27

An economic anthropologist forecasts a collapse of the US market in an interview about the slang term "bread".

Default-piece-image-1 Click here for an interview with Professor Keith Hart, an anthropologist with a focus on how human cultures deal with money. Now, for those of you confused right now, anthropology is the study of humans in their society. Anthropologists don't focus on a certain society, but instead look at the culture of every society to compare and contrast. Professor Hart commutes from Paris to teach about how human societies organize economic systems. He wrote a book called "The Memory Bank, Money in an Unequal World" in which he warns that unless we take a good look at what money has become for the modern world, we're headed for disaster and doom. Greg Shimada, 20 years old, got Professor Hart on the phone to explain his take on "bread".

What the Bible says about Gays. And Women. And Pantsuits. And Haircuts.

From SCAD Radio | Part of the Interesting Point with SCADRadio series | 05:12

Writer Matt Terrell takes a closer look at the hypocrital use of the bible.

Religionflag_small What does the Bible say about gays and lesbians? You've constantly heard that the Bible condemns them -- and indeed, it does. But should we even listen to that really? Take a look at the Bible as a whole... and discover that maybe we should take the teaching therein with a grain of salt.

P.O.V. - Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars Filmmaker Interview

From P.O.V. / American Documentary, Inc. | 06:29

Filmmakers Zach Niles and Banker White talk with P.O.V. about making their film "Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars"

01sierraleone_small Filmmakers Zach Niles and Banker White talk with P.O.V. about making their film "Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars". Their film is about a group of refugees in Sierra Leone who fight back with the only means they have - music.


From Emily Howard | 28:00

A news magazine devoted to reporting, learning from, and analyzing social movements.

Emily Howard

Default-piece-image-0 Movements is an investigative news magazine devoted to social movemements. It is an attempt to further our understandings of movements and bridge "the gaps" between movements. On this edition of movements we feature the pro-choice movement thirty years after Roe vs. Wade conservative personal politics threaten a women's right to choice. After the introduction, listeners will hear Movement headlines, four minutes of updates from four different social movements around the globe. After a music break, our first guest is Lindsey Roitman from South Dakota Campaign for Healthy Families. Host Emily Howard discusses the recent abortion ban defeated by South Dakota voters and the long term implications this group will have in the state. We then turn to a short music break before Movements travels to San Francisco where host Emily Howard speaks with the campaign director of the No on 85 efforts in the Bay Area. Proposition 85 was a parental notification initiative defeated by California voters. And that wraps it up for this edition of Movements!

Young & Exonerated

From National Black Programming Consortium | 07:57

Shareef Cousin was wrongly convicted and sent to death row for over a decade.

Younexonorated_small Out of jail for about a year and three months, Shareef Cousin, a New Orleans native, is the most level headed person you will want to sit to conversation with. In an intimate 8 minutes, Cousin, pronounced Ku-zan, relives the twisted circumstances that had him on death row at the tender age of 16. He talks honestly, from an insider's perspective, about an issue that has stirred up many conversations in recent months. When is it alright to kill a human being? Does the state do all it can to ensure the protocol is fair? Can the American justice system shed its history of bias against people of color?

An interview With Charlene Mitchell

From Amber Cortes | 13:20

An interview with radical activist Charlene Mitchell, who ran for president with the Communist Party in 1968.

Charlene_small Charlene Mitchell ran for president in 1968, nominated by the Communist Party. Born in 1930, she?s been fighting for civil rights since she was thirteen. She participated in some of the earliest sit-ins and freedom rides, and was involved with the Black Panther Party. I spoke to her for over an hour about the civil rights movement, radical activism, Communism, and Angela Davis. The following edited interview is only a glimpse into her remarkable life and views.

The Chinese Exclusion Act: A Postcard

From Michelle Chang | 03:12

One-hundred thousand Chinese immigrated to America during the second half of the nineteenth century. They first came as miners during the California Gold Rush and then as railroad workers. Soon, anti-Chinese immigration became a political issue. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was passed, preventing people of Chinese descent from entering the United States. Now, the Chinese Historical Society of America has put together a traveling exhibit called "Remembering 1882."

Default-piece-image-2 100,000 Chinese immigrated to America during the second half of the nineteenth century. They first came as miners during the California Gold Rush and then as railroad workers. Soon, anti-Chinese immigration became a political issue. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was passed, preventing people of Chinese descent from entering the United States. Now, the Chinese Historical Society of America has put together a traveling exhibit called Remembering 1882.

The Elderly Underclass

From Voices of Our World | 27:58

The number of Americans over age sixty-five is expected to double to seventy million in the next thirty years, and the experience of old age often differs dramatically for whites and minorities, for the middle class and the poor, and for those living in the suburbs versus the city.

Default-piece-image-1 Part One: The Elderly Underclass As the ?baby boomers? turn gray, we find ourselves having to confront a whole new set of problems. The number of Americans over age sixty-five is expected to double to seventy million in the next thirty years, and the experience of old age often differs dramatically for whites and minorities, for the middle class and the poor, and for those living in the suburbs versus the city. In her newest book ?A Different Shade of Gray: Midlife and Beyond in the Inner City? Katherine S. Newman exposes a growing but still largely invisible group of Americans: the aging urban underclass. Join us as we examine the pitfalls of growing old in America with our guest, author and professor Katherine S. Newman. Part Two: Twilight Years or Twilight Fears? In their youth, many of today?s inner-city elderly had to fight against the historical discrimination that haunts America?s past, and they are still struggling today. They are struggling to care for their grandchildren, they are struggling to afford their prescription medication, they are struggling to live off their paltry retirement accounts and pensions, and perhaps most of all, they are struggling to comprehend how a country of such riches can be so indifferent to their plight. Producer Michael R. Jones continues his interview with author and professor Katherine S. Newman.

Is Legalizing Drugs an Option?

From Anton Foek | 15:24

Interview with Prof. McCoy, University of Wisconsin

Default-piece-image-1 Alfred McCoy is Professor of history at the University of Wisconsin. He wrote: The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity. In this one on one - none telephone - interview he stresses the need for changing U.S. & U.N. policies towards the use and drugs. He analyses the core of the problems of losing what is called the war on drugs. Each victory in the war on drugs, thats seizes a shipment actually stimulates the price of drugs through the mechanisms of supply and demand thus self defeating. He talks about the consequences and effects of possibly legalizing drugs and the change of the penintiary and incarcelation policies.

Is Legalizing Drugs an Option?

From Anton Foek | 15:24

Interview with Prof. McCoy, University of Wisconsin

Default-piece-image-2 Alfred McCoy is Professor of history at the University of Wisconsin. He wrote: The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity. In this one on one - none telephone - interview he stresses the need for changing U.S. & U.N. policies towards the use and drugs. He analyses the core of the problems of losing what is called the war on drugs. Each victory in the war on drugs, thats seizes a shipment actually stimulates the price of drugs through the mechanisms of supply and demand thus self defeating. He talks about the consequences and effects of possibly legalizing drugs and the change of the penintiary and incarcelation policies.

South Africa's Kwaito Generation: Inside Out

From Inside Out Documentaries | 01:37:42

Sean Cole travels to South Africa to meet the people who make kwaito, a genre of music mixing American hip-hop and South African pop styles, reflecting the mores of the youth who came of age after the fall of apartheid, and the driving force behind a new youth culture

Kwaitoimage_small South Africa has undergone enormous change in the last ten years; it's a young democracy with an overwhelmingly young population, half under age twenty-one. Now, the generation which came of age after apartheid is shaping the future of the nation. Their music is kwaito, a homegrown electronic "mix masala" of South African and Western pop music genres. From WBUR's Inside Out Documentaries, correspondent Sean Cole reports on how kwaito began in the long-suffering townships of Johannesburg and became the soundtrack for a generation. Unlike the imported hip-hop and house tracks thumping in the city's nightclubs, kwaito is delivered in the vernacular: an admixture of English, Zulu and other native languages as well as Africaans and a township dialect called ?totsi-taal? (?thug language.?) The lyrics range from party fare to head-on confrontations with problems South Africa is facing in the wake of desegregation: AIDS, crime, poverty, racial conflicts and xenophobia. Like hip-hop, kwaito climbed from the underground into the mainstream, affording young blacks opportunities the likes of which their parents could only dream. Today, kwaito stars influence the culture, language and economy of the nation in ways that were simply unthinkable during a century of government-imposed racial segregation. Kwaito has become a full-fledged youth culture with influence on television, fashion, magazines, literature and politics. Sean Cole takes us to places the average white tourist will never see, and introduces us to the musicians, promoters, authors, cultural commentators, fashionistas and youths at the nexus of this vital component of life in South Africa today. "South Africa's Kwaito Generation: Inside Out" is accompanied by a series of three short pieces suitable as drop-ins. PRSS satellite uplink 7/28/05, 8/2/05 "South Africa's Kwaito Generation: Inside Out" may be considered "evergreen." For more information about this and other Inside Out Documentaries, please contact Namita Raina, National Program Administrator, WBUR Boston. (617) 353-8160 nraina@bu.edu

My Criminal Life

From Blunt Youth Radio Project | Part of the Incarcerated Youth Speak Out series | 04:33

This dreamy feature puts listeners in the mind of Mark, a young man who feels hopeless against the cycles of drugs and violence in his life.

Lcydcfenceedit_small Time is running out for Mark. After being in and out of the Long Creek Youth Development Center six times for various drug-related offenses, he is about to turn nineteen and age out of the system. Mark feels stuck in his life, unable to make significant changes. This piece juxtaposes Mark's dream-like reflections with emotional reflections by Mark's mother as the two of them anticipate his impending release date. This feature puts listeners in the mind of Mark, a young man who feels hopeless against the cycles of drugs and violence in his life. This piece originally aired on the Blunt episode, "Law & Order", at WMPG in Portland, ME.

Prescription Profit

From Voices of Our World | 27:58

In the wake of the landmark Vioxx decision against Merck Pharmaceuticals, we look at the continuing ills of the healthcare sector of the U. S. economy. We talk with Larry Sasich about the ethics and propriety of advertising drugs directly

Pillsdollar20sign1_small Part One: Prescription Profit: The Kaiser Family Foundation reports that back in 2004 pharmaceutical companies spent 4 billion dollars on TV commercials marketing new prescription medicines directly to American consumers. That expenditure paid-off and handsomely! The Kaiser Family Foundation conducted a study on this ?direct to consumer? marketing and found that 44% of the people who requested prescriptions for drugs they?d seen in such ads, got them. Dr. Larry Sasich, a Research Associate for Public Citizen and a pharmacist at the Lake Erie College of Medicine talks with Kathy Golden about how direct marketing campaigns have changed the doctor/patient relationship. Part Two: Marketing Medicine: Prescription drug representatives clog our doctor?s waiting rooms, lingering for their chance to hawk the benefits of their company?s latest and greatest pills. Doctors, the traditional gate keepers of our medical care are now besieged from all sides to prescribe, prescribe, prescribe. But just beyond our northern border, Canadian pharmaceutical companies are under severe restrictions from Health Canada regarding what they can and cannot say about their drugs. Maryknoll?s Director of Media Relations, Howard Schwartz discusses the variance in drug marketing policies between the U. S. and Canada with Ray Chepesiuk, a Commissioner on the Canadian Pharmaceutical Advertising Advisory Board and with Dr. Phil Gold, Professor of Medicine at McGill University.

Generation Next: Rebellion

From BBC | Part of the Generation Next series | 21:58

As part of the BBC's Generation Next programming, the BBC's Robin Lustig asks what it really mean to be an adult. He explores what "youth" means in different societies and cultures worldwide. In this programme Robin looks at the legal, social and cultural frameworks separating the "child" from the "adult".

Darkbluetile_small Under-18s are more likely to experiment, take drugs, break the law, and even commit suicide. In this programme, Robin discovers that criminality tends to begin around the age of 13, peak at 17 and disappear almost completely in early adulthood.

Drug and Alcohol Vox Pop

From Youth Mic | 06:03

Adomako went to his high school and interviewed people about alcohol and drug use

Default-piece-image-1 9th grader Adomako went to his NYC high school and interviewed students and teachers about their thoughts on alcohol and drug use and abuse. Additional production was done by Michelle Suarez.

The Illusion of Inclusion

From With Good Reason | 29:48

Context for the subprime mortgage crisis and why it hits minorities hardest.

Default-piece-image-1 In the midst of America's mortgage meltdown, black and hispanic homeowners are taking especially hard hits. Business Professor Greg Fairchild says the lack of a down payment is the biggest obstacle for these communities, which historically have only a small fraction of the family wealth available to white households. Also featured: Peter Rodriguez is an advocate of what he calls "Angel Investing" in Latin America. He says private investors are beginning to help nurture young entrepreneurs to create a culture of sustained economic development in places where there is little or no modern business tradition.

Part 3: Robben Island (1964-1976)

From Radio Diaries | Part of the Mandela: An Audio History series | 12:53

Part 3 of a five-part series on South Africa's struggle against apartheid.

Mandelaclean_small While Mandela and other political leaders languished in prison, the government cracked down. It seemed that resistance to apartheid had been crushed. But on June 16, 1976, a student uprising in Soweto sparked a new generation of activism. Hosted by Desmond Tutu. See series information for more text, promos, website, etc.

Overcoming drug addiction - part II

From KEDM | Part of the Overcoming Drug Addiction series | 06:46

This two-part feature examines drug addiction from multiple perspectives—addict, counselor, parent and teacher—to provide listeners with a more complex understanding of how one person’s addiction can affect and inspire every life it touches.

Default-piece-image-2 * This feature aired on KEDM Public Radio (Monroe, La.) in May 2004. Suggested Intro: In the second part of a series on addiction, Kate Archer talks with two people on different sides of the table: a clinic manager who diagnoses and treats people with alcohol and drug addictions and an addict who not only kicked his drug habit, but has gone on to achieve remarkable academic success.

The 1906 Atlanta Race Riot

From Philip Graitcer | 06:47

The 1906 Atlanta Race Riot was the closest thing to a race war ever known in Atlanta

Lapetiteparisien_small September 22nd marks the 100th anniversary of an infamous 1906 race riot in the southern U.S. city of Atlanta, Georgia . Violent mobs of white men killed dozens of African-Americans during the four-day rampage, which at the time received worldwide newspaper attention, but which now has been largely forgotten. Still, many believe the legacy of the 1906 Atlanta riots still influences race relations in the city. A group of Atlantans is preparing to mark the Centennial and to use the occasion to open a new dialogue on race.

Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow - Race

From Phil Mariage | Part of the Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow series | 24:40

5 generational essays from This I Believe archive on Race

Ytt-300x300_small Our American Generations the Essays of This I Believe, brings selected essayists from the This I Believe? archive sharing their essays, all on the same topic, but from 5 different generational perspectives. This program topic is Race and we have 5 wonderful essays from all over the nation. First we hear the essay of Grace Kavanagh. She is in the under 18 group and is from Oakland, Ca. Next we have Howard Jordan from Brooklyn, NY in the 18 to 30 age group. He is followed by Rebecca Wells from Houston, TX speaking from the 30 to 50 group. James Kates is from Fitzwilliam, NH and is in the 50 to 60 age and finally we hear the marvelous essay from our older generation group over 65. That essayist is Lottie Bogan from Jackson, MS. I can only tell you that hearing these essays, taken together as a group, is very moving. This is the half hour version of the program that airs locally on Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow, which is on KUAR Public Radio in Little Rock, AR. If you would like to hear the longer Podcast version, it is available at www.kuar.org by clicking on Podcasts and then Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow. I hope you enjoy these fine essays.

Racial Cleansing in America

From The Center for Documentary Studies | 13:27

A short doc exploring the curious legacy of a "racial cleansing" in a small Kentucky town.

P1020154_small Once in awhile you come across an American town or county that has long been virtually all-white, even though surrounding communities have substantial black populations. It may not always be an accident. In the six decades after the Civil War, in more than a few rural communities, white mobs violently expelled virtually all of their black neighbors. A new book, Buried in the Bitter Waters, describes a dozen of these racial expulsions. Among the places living with this uneasy history is Corbin, Kentucky, a small railroad town in the Appalachian foothills.

A Small Southern Town: The Nation's Capital In Slave Times

From Richard Paul | 54:10

Dramatization - largest mass-escape of slaves in Amer history - PROMOS ATTACHED

Smallsouthern_small Hear the first person accounts of people who lived in slavery; the voices of those who worked to end slavery and those who strove to keep it in "A Small Southern Town: The Nation's Capital In Slave Times." In this special designed for African American History Month, listeners will hear of one family's role in one of the largest mass escapes of slaves in American history. "A Small Southern Town" combines dramatic readings of first person accounts from slave times with modern day analysis to shed light on little known aspects of slave life and slave times in the Nation's Capital. ----------------------------------------- Richard Paul offers these suggestions for reading on subjects covered in his two-part program on slavery: * Arguing About Slavery, by William Lee Miller. Published by Alfred A. Knopf, c. 1996. Available at bookstores. * Personal Memoir of Daniel Drayton: For Four Years and Four Months A Prisoner (For Chairty's Sake) In Washington Jail including A Narrative Of the Voyage and Capture Of The Schooner Pearl. Published by Negro Universities Press, c. 1855. Available at the DC Historical Society. * Fugitives of the Pearl, by John Paynter. Published by Associated Publishers, Inc., Washington, DC, c. 1930. Available at the DC Historical Society. * The Life of Josiah Henson, Formally a Slave, Now an Inhabitant of Canada, by Josiah Henson, c. 1849. Available at the Montgomery County Historical Society. Newspaper Articles * "Uncle Tom's Montgomery County Cabin" by Michael Richman, The Washington Post, Wednesday December 10, 1997; Horizon section; Pg. H05 * "Escape on the Pearl: Years Before the Civil War, 77 Washington Slaves Made a Risky Bid for Freedom" by Mary Kay Ricks, The Washington Post, Wednesday August 12, 1998; Horizon section; pg. H01

Part 5: Democracy (1990-1994)

From Radio Diaries | Part of the Mandela: An Audio History series | 12:46

Part 5 of a five-part series on South Africa's struggle against apartheid.

Mandelaclean_small On April 27, 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected South Africa's first black president. But it didn't come easy. The four years between Nelson Mandela's release and the transition to democracy were some of the most volatile and painful in the country's history. Hosted by Desmond Tutu. See series information for more text, promos, website, etc.

Part 1: The Birth of Apartheid (1944-1960)

From Radio Diaries | Part of the Mandela: An Audio History series | 14:01

Part 1 of a five-part series on South Africa's struggle against apartheid.

Mandelaclean_small In the 1940s, Nelson Mandela was one of thousands of blacks who flocked to Johannesburg in search of work. A new political party came into power with a new idea: the separation of whites and blacks. Apartheid was born and along with it a half-century long struggle to achieve democracy in South Africa. Introduction by Nelson Mandela. Hosted by Desmond Tutu. See series information for more text, promos, website, etc. Credits/Back Announce: Our story was produced by Joe Richman of Radio Diaries. Mandela: An Audio History is has just been released as a CD, hosted by Desmond Tutu with an introduction by Nelson Mandela. To find the CD, search for "Mandela: An Audio History" on Amazon or visit: www.mandelahistory.org

Part 2: The Underground Movement (1960-1964)

From Radio Diaries | Part of the Mandela: An Audio History series | 15:17

Part 2 of a five-part series on South Africa's struggle against apartheid.

Mandelaclean_small In 1960, with the African National Congress banned, the movement, went underground. Faced with increased government crackdown, Mandela launched Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a military wing of the ANC and the armed struggle began. Two years later, he was arrested and sentenced for high treason. Mandela and eight others are sentenced to life in prison. Hosted by Desmond Tutu. See series information for more text, promos, website, etc.

Part 4: State of Emergency (1976-1990)

From Radio Diaries | Part of the Mandela: An Audio History series | 12:46

Part 4 of a five-part series on South Africa's struggle against apartheid.

Mandelaclean_small Guerilla soldiers on the border, unrest in the townships, striking workers, and a wave of international attention were making South Africa's system of apartheid unworkable. Something had to give. And it happened on Feb. 2, 1990 when South Africa's president, F.W. De Klerk announced that the ANC would be unbanned and that Nelson Mandela would be freed after 27 years in prison. Hosted by Desmond Tutu. See series information for more text, promos, website, etc.

South Africa: Nelson Mandela Day

From Caroline Dix | 59:00

A collection of music from South Africa to honor Nelson Mandela.

Default-piece-image-1 Saluting the legendary figure in the fight against apartheid in South Africa, Nelson Mandela was born on July 18th, 1918. This show is a collection of music from his beloved homeland, honoring this timeless freedom fighter. Mandela was imprisoned in a cell on Robben Island for 27 years, and was finally freed in 1990.

Iraq, Iran...What?s In A Name?

From Voices of Our World | 28:00

Could those who refuse to admit that our policy on Iraq was ill-conceived and who have missed opportunities for correction be seriously pushing for a new theater of war?

Default-piece-image-2 Part One: Iraq, Iran?What?s In A Name? The process of learning from our mistakes and correcting them was seriously maligned during our last national election when the term "flip-flop" was strewn about as the ultimate insult. Flip-flopping came to stand for uncertainty or the lack of fortitude to standby ones convictions. We somehow lost respect for those who recognize mistakes, admit them & fix them! Well if you've been listening to some of the political rhetoric regarding Iran wafting around Washington for the last few months, it sounds a lot like what the same players were saying about Iraq , in the selling of war. Could those who refuse to admit that our policy on Iraq was ill-conceived and who have missed opportunities for correction be seriously pushing for a new theater of war? Is Iran just a letter away from becoming our next great mistake? We talk with journalist Robert Dreyfuss OPTIONAL CUTAWAY CUE: You're listening to Voices of Our World" at 14:00*. Part Two: All Talk? Most experienced pentagon observers have told us our army is stretched to its limits. Recruitment has consistently fallen below stated goals and in the 'burbs you can find flyers on telephone poles offering a $2,000 dollar reward to anyone giving the army names of potential candidates. So why would any thinking administration, faced with these realities continue to threaten war with Iran? Air bombardment! But the problem with that plan is, that is exactly how we started in Afghanistan and Iraq and we still had to put troops on the ground. Then again, when vice president Cheney says, "all options are on the table?", maybe he's implying a nuclear strike! Who needs an army when you?ve got the bomb? Sounds crazy but don?t forget...this administration has 17 more months in power! Kathy Golden interviews Father Jim Kofski. END CUE: And please be sure to join us next time for more Voices of Our World. At 28:00. *Can be broadcast at 14:00 or 28:00 minutes

Picking Up the Pieces

From War News Radio | 29:00

News and features from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

Wnr080118afghanistan_small This week on War News Radio, we take an in-depth look at the war in Afghanistan. First, we find out about Afghanistan's most controversial crop: poppies. We also learn about what life is like for Afghan refugees. Then, we hear about two people who are working to improve the lives of Afghan women. In Afghanistan 101, we tell the story of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. And finally, we investigate the changing face of music and radio in Afghanistan. (Show repeated from January 18, 2008)

The Darfur Radio Project

From War News Radio | 29:00

War News Radio presents the Darfur Radio Project

Darfur_small This week War News Radio presents an exciting new program, The Darfur Radio Project. In "Four Corners", DRP explores the physical and mental geography of Sudan, both inside and outside of Darfur. First, DRP takes a critical look at how Chinese investment is playing out in the Merowe Dam Project in northern Sudan. Then, in a new series on Sudanese culture, DRP speaks to musicians both at home and abroad. DRP also explores the conflict in the east of Sudan, which predates the violence in Darfur. Finally, DRP reports on how both large international NGOs and smaller grassroots organizations tackle the question of education in Darfur.


From Talking History | 29:00

Our interview features Mark Kurlansky who joins host Bryan Le Beau to discuss just what made 1968 "the year that rocked the world," and Robert Brent Toplin reflects on why opposition to the war in Iraq seems muted in comparison to the Vietnam era.

Talking History

Default-piece-image-1 The show will air the week of July 25th on those stations carrying Talking History. It may be used prior to, or after that week. For use the week of July 25th: 1968: The Year That Rocked the World According to Bryan Le Beau's guest this week, Mark Kurlansky: “There has never been a year like 1968, and it is unlikely that there will ever be one again.” Kurlansky discusses his reasons for this statement and his latest book, 1968: The Year That Rocked the World. And Robert Brent Toplin joins us to comment on why the opposition to the war in Iraq seems muted in comparison to the Vietnam era. Robert Brent Toplin is Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

In the Line of Fire

From War News Radio | 29:00

News and features from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

P10101273_small This week on War News Radio, we hear about an ongoing initiative to re-integrate former soldiers into Iraq's new military. Then we hear from soldiers on active duty who are also actively against the war. Also, we learn how U.S. service members in Iraq are using Facebook to keep in touch. In Iraq 101, we tell the history of the Iraqi army. And finally, in our Day in the Life series, we hear from an Iraqi policeman trying to enforce the law in a lawless city. (Show repeated from January 25, 2008)

Violence or Non-Violence?

From Phillip Martin | Part of the Standing Up To Hate in Europe series | 07:31

European anti-racism activists using violence and non-violence to counter Neo-Nazis and anti-immigrant policies.

Feb2006romarallyagainstdiscriminationinbulgaria_small Part Two- Violence or Non-Violence: From Germany to Sweden to Norway, we report on anti-racism activists who use varying means to counter Neo-Nazis and anti-immigrant policies. This report looks at what is happening on the ground and arguments for and against violence. 8 min. Phillip Martin, Reporter.

The Tet Offensive

From Carl Nabozny | 02:14

An overview of the Tet Offensive

Default-piece-image-2 An overview of the Tet Offensive

Solving the Homeless Youth Problem Takes a Unique Approach

From Adam Vaughn | 04:45

Usual approaches to solving homelessness do not work for youths who are find themselves homeless.

Homelessyouth_small I produced this piece about a month ago about homeless youth. My program directors told me to cover the homeless youth issue and from that I took a shotgun approach: talking to as many people I could who had anything to do with homeless youth, and especially the youths who were homeless themselves. I found it interesting that nearly everything about the homeless youth issue is different from the framing of the homelessness issue in general. The reasons why youths are homeless differ, the way youths view their homelessness greatly differs and the approaches youth service providers takes has to differ because of these differences. Specifically I was struck by how nearly every single homeless youth I spoke with said that they actually want to be homeless. In fact, those of us with 9 to 5 jobs and working to support our houses and other expenses were the ones who need help. An example of this romanticism being homeless is when one youth on the street told me they prefer to be called gypsies. Calling a homeless person homeless is like calling a black guy a nigger. The reason for this romanticism is most likely because they choose to be homeless because their home life is unbearable through drug-addicted parents, physical or sexual abuse, etc. Further, because they want to be homeless you cannot simply provide jobs and subsidized housing for them. They won't accept it. Homeless youth service providers are aware of this and have basically make sure they don't kill themselves are relatively stay out of trouble until they are ready to get out of homelessness. So what can be done with this group until they are ready to not be homeless? And how can we prevent these kids from having to choose the streets?

Execution Has No Undo

From Voices of Our World | 28:00

Death penalty controversy when persons schedule for death are found innocent.

Default-piece-image-1 Part One: Execution Has No Undo Recently, a caller into a radio talk show was heard to say that "it was highly unlikely that an innocent person has ever been executed in the United States". Well, Captain George Kendall was the 1st person executed in the colonies in 1608. The U.S. Supreme Court suspended the death penalty in 1972, only to reinstate it in 1976. So the math tells us that we have been conducting executions in the United States for 396 years. 1,099 convicted prisoners have been put to death since that reinstatement. But since 1973, 126 death row inmates have seen their convictions overturned or were acquitted at retrial. That's 126 persons scheduled for death, but found innocent in the last 35 years. We're human, we make mistakes and there are some mistakes we can never take back! Carlton Gary has been on death row in Georgia since 1986. There is evidence that could lead to a retrial and exoneration and you'll hear about this case today as we talk with the author of The Big Eddy Club; The Stocking Stranglings and Southern Justice, David Rose. Part Two: Southern Exposure December 13TH, 2007 the New Jersey Assembly voted to make the Garden State the 14th State to drop the death penalty. As you'll hear from David Rose, there seems to be a regional bent to the practice of capital punishment in the U. S. In 2007, of the 42 executions carried out none were held in the northeast, 2% were occurred in the west, 12% in the Midwest and 86% took place in the south with 62% of those happening in Texas. In an 8 month span between 1977 and 1078, 7 elderly, well-off white women were raped and strangled in an upscale neighborhood of Columbus, Georgia. Carlton Gary, an African American was arrested and convicted for 3 of the "stocking stranglings": and remains on death row there today, nearing the end of the appeals process. David Rose, reporter and editor for Vanity Fair magazine became interested in this case which led him to discover the Big Eddy Club, an all white country club on the outskirts of Columbus frequented by judges, lawyers and several of the strangling victims. We return to Producer Kathy Golden and David Rose discussion on the history of Southern justice.

Cruel and Unusual

From Voices of Our World | 28:00

Several of the U. S. states that still administer the death penalty are considering moratoria on executions due to significant scientific advances that have exonerated 122 death row inmates in recent years.

Default-piece-image-0 Part one: ?CRUEL AND UNUSUAL?? The Supreme Court has recently ruled on 2 major cases relevant to the efficacy of the Death Penalty. It turns out that even the forensic pathologist who devised the lethal injection protocol now feels that the method veterinarians use to ?put down? a pet, an overdose of sodium pentobarbital, is far preferable. The method in use in most states currently use a 1st chemical to anesthetize, a 2nd to paralyze the muscles that permit breathing and a 3rd to stop the heart. But doctors have testified that an inmate may appear unconscious while actually experiencing suffocation and coronary arrest. In fact lethal injection may breach the 8th constitutional amendment against ?cruel and unusual punishment. We talk with actor, activist and chair of Death Penalty Focus, Mike Farrell. Part Two: MORATORIUM Several of the U. S. states that still administer the death penalty are considering moratoria on executions due to significant scientific advances that have exonerated 122 death row inmates in recent years. Our system is fallible and most reasonable citizens would never knowingly sanction depriving an innocent person of their freedom, let alone their life. In the case of death row inmate Mr. Paul House, a DNA test has excluded as the attacker of a rape and murder victim, the Supreme Court has approved a new hearing. We speak with one high-profile supporter of a proposed moratorium in the state of Georgia, co-founder of The Carter Center and 38th former First Lady, Rosalynn Carter.

A Shortcut Back To 1968

From Peter Bochan | Part of the Shortcuts series | 37:32

1968-The 50th Anniversary Mix

B28471hj25_small An unpopular war was raging overseas, as the equally upopular President chose not to seek re-election, while his party fought for a change toward "new policies" and the crew of Apollo 8 embarked on a journey to the moon. 1968 was an election year that brought the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy. The Vietnam War took a record number of casualties. Many cities burned as people took to the streets against the war and against racism. The Presidential election process gave way to unprecedented turmoil, with deep divisions in the political parties, including protests at the 1968 Democratic Convention, and riots in the streets of Chicago (leading to the political trials of the "Chicago 8" and the Catonsville 9 for burning draft files in Maryland). It was also a time of intense resistance on college campuses across the country, with battles between hawks & doves, rich and poor, young and old, black and white. Using only the sounds, music and voices of one of the most explosive and memorable years in history, this 50th Anniversary mix captures a time when America came to a crossroads that almost destroyed the dream and any bridge for that famous "generation gap". Featuring "Yippies" Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, and underground and counter-culture heroes like The Fugs, Cat Mother & The All-Night Newsboys, David Peel & The Lower East Side, the Amboy Dukes, Jimi Hendrix, Sly and The Family Stone, the Rolling Stones, the Band, Mary Hopkins, Marvin Gaye, the Moody Blues, Ennio Morricone, 2001: A Space Odssey, Aretha Franklin, the Beatles, the Monkees, the cast of "Hair", Simon and Garfunkel, Cream, The Firesign Theater, with Dustin Hoffman, Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, Huey P. Newton, Charlton Heston, Chicago Mayor Richard Daley, H.Rap Brown, Stokley Carmichael, Sammy Davis Jr, Eldridge Cleaver, Joe Cocker, Marshall Efron, "Rosko", Spiro T. Agnew, General Westmoreland, Sen. Ted Kennedy, LBJ and many more. Recorded and mixed in analogue on a Tascam vintage 4-track, "A Shortcut through 1968" features no narration, it's message evolves from the careful juxtaposition of the various elements, including airchecks from the archives of WBAI in 1968 (with the voices of free-form radio founders Bob Fass, Steve Post and Larry Josephson) mixed with interviews on "what do you remember about 1968?" "The Whole World's Watching!"- Protesters (outside Democratic Convention center in Chicago 1968) The additional mix is a music medley from 1968--what a year!

Homeless Vote 1

From Laura Friedman | 04:48

Homeless Vote

Default-piece-image-2 Homeless people voting in NY

The Global Condition

From Lydon McGrath Productions | 58:30

This is hour 1 from The Whole Wide World: a 7-part series on Globalization

Zad_small Kicking the tires of globalism, also known as "globaloney," the "ism" nonetheless of our age. A complex web of money, ideas, disease, culture, terror, hope, pollution, warfare, and conscience pulling the world together, tearing the world apart, or maybe both. There's a doctrine of global markets for Jeffrey Sachs to decipher?mobile capital and still a lot of people stuck in misery. Globalism is also the instant-message Internet, world music and literature, connections that Zadie Smith and the architect Tay Kheng Soon will think about out loud. How is it the so-called "world community" is coming apart around war with Iraq amid the global visions of a more functional human family? We're talking about global trends that could kill us, or make us wiser, more human. Guests: Jeff Sachs, Zadie Smith, Colin Channer, Tay Kheng Soon.

Peace, War, & Indifference

From Andrew Reissiger | 59:06

One-hour, newscast compatible program that examines the possibilities of peace in our world today by looking at excerpts from important presidential speeches by Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Reagan alongside the words of Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Chilean poet Gonzalo Millan and musicians from around the globe.

Peacelogo_small Open up a newspaper, flip on the tv, turn your computer on ? and the heard of elephants in the room is aggression, violence, and war.? Iraq, Afghanistan, Israel, Lebanon, Palestine, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Liberia, Rwanda, Ethiopia, East Timor, Kosovo, Bali, Haiti, Colombia, Brazil, and the United States of America?to name just a few. Join me Andrew Reissiger on this edition of World Tour as we listen to the words of some of our past presidents. We?ll hear the speeches of Eisenhower, JFK, LBJ and Reagan alongside the words of Nelson Mandela and MLK, poets and musicians and perhaps we might learn something of the possibilities of peace. This was an excercise for me as a producer to create a narrative about peace, war, and indifference using only the words of others over the course of the past ~50 years...seeing as how violence appears to persist in this globalized and interdependent world.

What about Me, Uncle Sam?

From Radio Rookies | 06:39

Every year, American schools graduate roughly 65,000 students who are barred from legal employment because they don't have documentation. Even with a high-school diploma or college degree, they are likely to find themselves confined to the underground economy. Christian, a 15-year-old, tells his story as part of the "Radio Rookies" series from member station WNYC

Christianlg_small Every day on his way to school, Christian passes a group of men lined up for work on the street. Most of them are undocumented Mexican immigrants -- just like him -- without any pathway to legal citizenship. Christian is 15 years-old and grew up in New York City. For teens like him it can be hard to keep going to classes, knowing that without permanent resident status, the jobs and opportunities they seek will be closed to them.

For teen in trouble, streetwise mentor makes the difference

From WSHU | 05:24

To get kids off a path of drugs and gangs, sometimes it takes a mentor who's been there

Jacksonryan_small When kids are drawn towards a world of gangs and drugs, it can be tough to intervene and help them get on another path. Sometimes what it takes is guidance from someone who's been there and back. Craig LeMoult of NPR member-station WSHU met Kenny Jackson, who's helping kids in Bridgeport, Connecticut deal with some of the same issues he faced growing up there. And for one young man, that guidance made all the difference.

Propping up Democracy in Iraq

From Adam Allington | Part of the Front Line: Missouri Soldiers in Iraq series | 03:41

Iraqis weigh in on the prospects for Democracy in their country

Ramadi2_small Host Intro: Over the last six months coalition forces operating in Iraq have had some success pushing insurgents out of urban centers. Some military units, are now directly involved in support roles to prop up government agencies?such as mayors or city counsels. But do Iraqis even want a Democratic system. And do they have faith in their elected leadership in Baghdad. Adam Allington traveled with Missouri soldiers in Iraq and prepared this report.

Zimbabwe Violence Threatens children

From UNICEF | 03:57

Post-election Violence in Zimbabwe Threatens children

Default-piece-image-0 Continuing violence in Zimbabwe is threatening the health and safety of children across the country. Since the disputed elections of March 29th, thousands of Zimbabweans have fled their homes and hundreds have been injured in politically motivated attacks. UNICEF spokesperson in Zimbabwe, James Elder, says that the rise in beatings, killings and arson is worrisome as the country prepares for a runoff election scheduled for some time before July 31. ?Children are either watching their family?s homes burn and livestock killed or worse ? themselves being beaten or attacked in some way. It?s an enormouslyworrying time and one that UNICEF deplores in the strongest possible terms.?

Wide Awake

From War News Radio | 29:00

Could the Awakening Movement be the key to security in Iraq?

Wide Awake
War News Radio

080711showpic_small The awakening movement began in Iraq's Anbar Province in 2004, when US forces and local tribal leaders created a civilian force to fight Al Qaeda. As the movement spread across the country, violence dropped dramatically. When it comes to security in Iraq, could this be the key to success? This week on War News Radio, Wide Awake. Nearly four years into the awakening movement, we evaluate its effects, and what it may mean for the future of Iraq's security.

It's Time for Workers of the World to Unite

From Dick Meister | 04:41

The globalization of capital finally has brought about serious moves for the globalization of labor.

Default-piece-image-1 Unions worldwide are taking seriously Karl Marx' plea, "Workers of the World Unite!" It's their essential answer to the globalization of capital that has enabled multi-national corporations to heavily exploit workers in this country and abroad for their own great profit. The corporations have been able to keep pay and working conditions at low levels by playing one country's workers off against another country's workers. But unions are starting to act together to globally to combat the exploitation.

The Disgraceful Treatment of U.S. Workers

From Dick Meister | 05:11

An international union confederation has issued a new report detailing the truly rotten treatment suffered by many U.S. workers.

Default-piece-image-0 A new report by the International Trade Union Confederation details the truly rotten conditions of many U.S. workers. The situation, furthermore, is steadily growing worse. Many workers don't even have the legal right to unionization, and many who do have the right face heavy, often illegal, employer and government pressures to keep them from unionizing. The United States, in short, is in serious violation of international labor standards, in large part because of the action -- or inaction-- of the Bush administration.

Crime Pays: A Look At Who's Getting Rich From The Prison Boom

From JoAnn Mar | 59:01

One-Hour Documentary on Prison Privatization

Fence3_small Privatizing government services has accelerated at an alarming rate over the last 25 years. Military functions, federal government jobs, schools, health care, utilities, and prisons are now being contracted out to the private sector. Until the scandals at Abu Graib came to light, few people were aware of private contractor invovlement in U.S.-run prisons. "Crime Pays: A Look At Who's Getting Rich From The Prison Boom" is a one-hour documentary that explores the extent to which the U.S. prison system has been privatized. This program takes an in-depth look at the corporations that have profitted greatly from the prison system--private prison companies, telephone operators, for-profit prison health care providers, prison transportation companies, building contractors, and corporate vendors. This documentary was written and produced by JoAnn Mar, an award-winning independent radio producer. She has produced documentaries and feature reports for National Public Radio, Pacifica Radio, Soundprint, Justice Talking, Prime Time Radio, and Voice of America.

What To Do in Iraq

From PRX PromCom | Part of the Promise Commentaries series | 03:46

An Iraq vet and a policy expert pull apart the promises on war.

Promcomsolidertechsgtjeremylock_small They promise to pull us out and they promise to keep us in until victory. But how realistic are these promises from Obama and McCain, and will voters hold candidates to their word no matter how the situation changes? We asked people what it means to keep or break a campaign promise in light of a constantly changing situation on the ground. This story is part of the Promise Commentary series, an intimate look at the promises candidates are making this election year. All of them are free, compliments of CPB and the 100s of local stations who contributed to the PRX campaign audio archive. Check them out: http://www.prx.org/articles/1474

Obama Speaks about the Economy--Golden, CO, 9/16/08

From PRX | 42:01

Obama Speaks about the Economy--Golden, CO, 9/16/08

Obamayellowbackground_small OBAMA: Over the last few days, we have seen clearly what's at stake in this election. The news from Wall Street has shaken the American people's faith in our economy. The situation with Lehman Brothers and other financial institutions is the latest in a wave of crises that have generated tremendous uncertainty about the future of our financial markets. This is a major threat to our economy and its ability to create good-paying jobs and help working Americans pay their bills, save for their future, and make their mortgage payments. Since this turmoil began over a year ago, the housing market has collapsed. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac had to be effectively taken over by the government. Three of America's five largest investment banks failed or have been sold off in distress. Yesterday, Wall Street suffered its worst losses since just after 9/11. We are in the most serious financial crisis in generations. Yet Senator McCain stood up yesterday and said that the fundamentals of the economy are strong A few hours later, his campaign sent him back out to clean up his remarks, and he tried to explain himself again this morning by saying that what he meant was that American workers are strong. But we know that Senator McCain meant what he said the first time, because he has said it over and over again throughout this campaign -- no fewer than 16 times, according to one independent count. ad_icon Now I certainly don't fault Senator McCain for all of the problems we're facing, but I do fault the economic philosophy he subscribes to. Because the truth is, what Senator McCain said yesterday fits with the same economic philosophy that he's had for 26 years. It's the philosophy that says we should give more and more to those with the most and hope that prosperity trickles down. It's the philosophy that says even common-sense regulations are unnecessary and unwise. It's a philosophy that lets Washington lobbyists shred consumer protections and distort our economy so it works for the special interests instead of working people. We've had this philosophy for eight years. We know the results. You feel it in your own lives. Jobs have disappeared, and peoples' life savings have been put at risk. Millions of families face foreclosure, and millions more have seen their home values plummet. The cost of everything from gas to groceries to health care has gone up, while the dream of a college education for our kids and a secure and dignified retirement for our seniors is slipping away. These are the struggles that Americans are facing. This is the pain that has now trickled up. So let's be clear: what we've seen the last few days is nothing less than the final verdict on an economic philosophy that has completely failed. And I am running for President of the United States because the dreams of the American people must not be endangered any more. It's time to put an end to a broken system in Washington that is breaking the American economy. It's time for change that makes a real difference in your lives. If you want to understand the difference between how Senator McCain and I would govern as President, you can start by taking a look at how we've responded to this crisis. Because Senator McCain's approach was the same as the Bush Administration's: support ideological policies that made the crisis more likely; do nothing as the crisis hits; and then scramble as the whole thing collapses. My approach has been to try to prevent this turmoil. In February of 2006, I introduced legislation to stop mortgage transactions that promoted fraud, risk or abuse. A year later, before the crisis hit, I warned Secretary Paulson and Chairman Bernanke about the risks of mounting foreclosures and urged them to bring together all the stakeholders to find solutions to the subprime mortgage meltdown. Senator McCain did nothing. Last September, I stood up at NASDAQ and said it's time to realize that we are in this together -- that there is no dividing line between Wall Street and Main Street -- and warned of a growing loss of trust in our capital markets. Months later, Senator McCain told a newspaper that he'd love to give them a solution to the mortgage crisis, "but" -- he said -- "I don't know one." In January, I outlined a plan to help revive our faltering economy, which formed the basis for a bipartisan stimulus package that passed the Congress. Senator McCain used the crisis as an excuse to push a so-called stimulus plan that offered another huge and permanent corporate tax cut, including $4 billion for the big oil companies, but no immediate help for workers. This March, in the wake of the Bear Stearns bailout, I called for a new, 21st century regulatory framework to restore accountability, transparency, and trust in our financial markets. Just a few weeks earlier, Senator McCain made it clear where he stands: "I'm always for less regulation," he said, and referred to himself as "fundamentally a deregulator." This is what happens when you confuse the free market with a free license to let special interests take whatever they can get, however they can get it. This is what happens when you see seven years of incomes falling for the average worker while Wall Street is booming, and declare -- as Senator McCain did earlier this year -- that we've made great progress economically under George Bush. That is how you can reach the conclusion -- as late as yesterday -- that the fundamentals of the economy are strong. Well, we have a different way of measuring the fundamentals of our economy. We know that the fundamentals that we use to measure economic strength are whether we are living up to that fundamental promise that has made this country great --that America is a place where you can make it if you try. Americans have always pursued our dreams within a free market that has been the engine of our progress. It's a market that has created a prosperity that is the envy of the world, and rewarded the innovators and risk-takers who have made America a beacon of science, and technology, and discovery. But the American economy has worked in large part because we have guided the market's invisible hand with a higher principle -- that America prospers when all Americans can prosper. That is why we have put in place rules of the road to make competition fair, and open, and honest. Too often, over the last quarter century, we have lost this sense of shared prosperity. And this has not happened by accident. It's because of decisions made in boardrooms, on trading floors and in Washington. We failed to guard against practices that all too often rewarded financial manipulation instead of productivity and sound business practices. We let the special interests put their thumbs on the economic scales. The result has been a distorted market that creates bubbles instead of steady, sustainable growth; a market that favors Wall Street over Main Street, but ends up hurting both. Let me be clear: the American economy does not stand still, and neither should the rules that govern it. The evolution of industries often warrants regulatory reform - to foster competition, lower prices, or replace outdated oversight structures. Old institutions cannot adequately oversee new practices. Old rules may not fit the roads where our economy is leading. But instead of sensible reform that rewarded success and freed the creative forces of the market, too often we've excused an ethic of greed, corner-cutting and inside dealing that threatens the long-term stability of our economic system. It happened in the 1980s, when we loosened restrictions on Savings and Loans and appointed regulators who ignored even these weaker rules. Too many S&Ls took advantage of the lax rules set by Washington to gamble that they could make big money in speculative real estate. Confident of their clout in Washington, they made hundreds of billions in bad loans, knowing that if they lost money, the government would bail them out. And they were right. The gambles did not pay off, our economy went into recession, and the taxpayers ended up footing the bill. Sound familiar? And it has happened again during this decade, in part because of how we deregulated the financial services sector. After we repealed outmoded rules instead of updating them, we were left overseeing 21st century innovation with 20th century regulations. When subprime mortgage lending took a reckless and unsustainable turn, a patchwork of regulators systematically and deliberately eliminated the regulations protecting the American people and failed to raise warning flags that could have protected investors and the pensions American workers count on. This was not the invisible hand of the market at work. These cycles of bubble and bust were symptoms of the ideology that my opponent is running to continue. John McCain has spent decades in Washington supporting financial institutions instead of their customers. In fact, one of the biggest proponents of deregulation in the financial sector is Phil Gramm -- the same man who helped write John McCain's economic plan; the same man who said that we're going through a "mental recession"; and the same man who called the United States of America a "nation of whiners." So it's hard to understand how Senator McCain is going to get us out of this crisis by doing the same things with the same old players. Make no mistake: my opponent is running for four more years of policies that will throw the economy further out of balance. His outrage at Wall Street would be more convincing if he wasn't offering them more tax cuts. His call for fiscal responsibility would be believable if he wasn't for more tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans, and more of a trillion dollar war in Iraq paid for with deficit spending and borrowing from foreign creditors like China. His newfound support for regulation bears no resemblance to his scornful attitude towards oversight and enforcement. John McCain cannot be trusted to reestablish proper oversight of our financial markets for one simple reason: he has shown time and again that he does not believe in it. What has happened these last eight years is not some historical anomaly, so we know what to expect if we try these policies for another four. When lobbyists run your campaign, the special interests end up gaming the system. When the White House is hostile to any kind of oversight, corporations cut corners and consumers pay the price. When regulators are chosen for their disdain for regulation and we gut their ability to enforce the law, then the interests of the American people are not protected. It's an ideology that intentionally breeds incompetence in Washington and irresponsibility on Wall Street, and it's time to turn the page. Just today, Senator McCain offered up the oldest Washington stunt in the book -- you pass the buck to a commission to study the problem. But here's the thing -- this isn't 9/11. We know how we got into this mess. What we need now is leadership that gets us out. I'll provide it, John McCain won't, and that's the choice for the American people in this election. History shows us that there is no substitute for presidential leadership in a time of economic crisis. FDR and Harry Truman didn't put their heads in the sand, or hand accountability over to a Commission. Bill Clinton didn't put off hard choices. They led, and that's what I will do. My priority as President will be the stability of the American economy and the prosperity of the American people. And I will make sure that our response focuses on middle class Americans -- not the companies that created the problem. To get out of this crisis -- and to ensure that we are not doomed to repeat a cycle of bubble and bust again and again -- we must take immediate measures to create jobs and continue to address the housing crisis; we must build a 21st century regulatory framework, and we must pursue a bold opportunity agenda that creates new jobs and grows the American economy. To jumpstart job creation, I have proposed a $50 billion Emergency Economic Plan that would save 1 million jobs by rebuilding our infrastructure, repairing our schools, and helping our states and localities avoid damaging budget cuts. I worked with leaders in Congress to create a new FHA Housing Security Program, which will help stabilize the housing market and allow Americans facing foreclosure to keep their homes at rates they can afford. Going forward, we need to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac as we know them with a structure that is focused on helping people buy homes -- not engaging in market speculation. We can't have a situation like the old S&L scandal where its "heads" investors win, and "tails" taxpayers lose. That's going to take ending the lobbyist- driven dominance of these institutions that we've seen for far too long in Washington. To prevent fraud in the mortgage market, I've proposed tough penalties on fraudulent lenders, and a Home Score system that will ensure consumers fully understand mortgage offers and whether they'll be able to make payments. To help low- and middle-income families, I will ease the burden on struggling homeowners through a universal homeowner's tax credit. This will add up to a 10 percent break off the mortgage interest rate for 10 million households. That's another $500 each year for many middle class families. Unlike Senator McCain, I will change our bankruptcy laws to make it easier for families to stay in their homes. Right now, if you're a family that owns one house, bankruptcy judges are actually barred from helping you keep a roof over your head by writing down the value of your mortgage. If you own seven homes, the judge is free to write down any or all of the debt on your second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth or seventh homes. Now that may be of comfort to Senator McCain, but that's the kind of out-of-touch Washington loophole that makes no sense. When I'm President, we'll make our laws work for working people. But as we've seen the last few days, the crisis in our financial markets now reaches well beyond the housing market. That's why it's time to do what I called for last September and again this past March -- and it is only more overdue today. Our capital markets cannot succeed without the public's trust. It's time to get serious about regulatory oversight, and that's what I will do as President. That starts with the core principles for reform that I discussed at Cooper Union. First, if you're a financial institution that can borrow from the government, you should be subject to government oversight and supervision. When the Federal Reserve steps in as a lender of last resort, it is providing an insurance policy underwritten by the American taxpayer. In return, taxpayers have every right to expect that financial institutions with access to that credit are not taking excessive risks. Second, we must reform requirements on all regulated financial institutions. We must strengthen capital requirements, particularly for complex financial instruments like some of the mortgage securities and other derivatives at the center of our current crisis. We must develop and rigorously manage liquidity risk. We must investigate rating agencies and potential conflicts of interest with the people they are rating. And we must establish transparency requirements that demand full disclosure by financial institutions to shareholders and counterparties. As we reform our regulatory system at home, we must address the same problems abroad so that financial institutions around the world are subject to similar rules of the road. Third, we need to streamline our regulatory agencies. Our overlapping and competing regulatory agencies cannot oversee the large and complex institutions that dominate the financial landscape. Different institutions compete in multiple markets - Washington should not pretend otherwise. A streamlined system will provide better oversight and reduce costs. Fourth, we need to regulate institutions for what they do, not what they are. Over the last few years, commercial banks and thrift institutions were subject to guidelines on subprime mortgages that did not apply to mortgage brokers and companies. This regulatory framework failed to protect homeowners, and made no sense for our financial system. When it comes to protecting the American people, it should make no difference what kind of institution they are dealing with. Fifth, we must crack down on trading activity that crosses the line to market manipulation. The last six months have shown that this remains a serious problem in many markets and becomes especially problematic during moments of great financial turmoil. We cannot embrace the administration's vision of turning over the protection of investors to the industries themselves. We need regulators that actually enforce the rules instead of overlooking them. The SEC should investigate and punish market manipulation, and report its conclusions to Congress. Sixth, we must establish a process that identifies systemic risks to the financial system like the crisis that has overtaken our economy. Too often, we end up where we are today: dealing with threats to the financial system that weren't anticipated by regulators. We need a standing financial market advisory group to meet regularly and provide advice to the President, Congress, and regulators on the state of our financial markets and the risks they face. It's time to anticipate risks before they erupt into a full-blown crisis. These six principles should guide the legal reforms needed to establish a 21st century regulatory system. But the change we need goes beyond laws and regulation. Financial institutions must do a better job at managing risks. There is something wrong when boards of directors or senior managers don't understand the implications of the risks assumed by their own institutions. It's time to realign incentives and CEO compensation packages, so that both high level executives and employees better serve the interests of shareholders. Finally, the American people must be able to trust that their government is looking out for all of us - not the special interests that have set the agenda in Washington for eight years, and the lobbyists who run John McCain's campaign. I've spent my career taking on lobbyists and their money, and I've won. If you wanted a special favor in Illinois, there was actually a law that let you give campaign cash to politicians for their own personal use. In the State House, they called it business- as-usual. I called it legalized bribery, and while it didn't make me the most popular guy in Springfield, I put an end to it. When I got to Washington, we saw some of the worst corruption since Watergate. I led the fight for reform in my party, and let me tell you -- not everyone in my party was too happy about it. When I proposed forcing lobbyists to disclose who they're raising money from and who in Congress they're funneling it to, I had a few choice words directed my way on the floor of the Senate. But we got it done, and we banned gifts from lobbyists, and free rides on their fancy jets. And I am the only candidate who can say that Washington lobbyists do not fund my campaign, they will not run my White House, and they will not drown out the voices of the American people when I am President of the United States. That's how we're going to end the outrage of special interests tipping the scales. The most important thing we must do is restore opportunity for all Americans. To get our economy growing, we need to recapture that fundamental American promise. That if you work hard, you can pay the bills. That if you get sick, you won't go bankrupt. That your kids can get a good education, and that we can leave a legacy of greater opportunity to future generations. That's the change the American people need. While Senator McCain likes to talk about change these days, his economic program offers nothing but more of the same. The American people need more than change as a slogan-- we need change that makes a real difference in your life. Change means a tax code that doesn't reward the lobbyists who wrote it, but the American workers and small businesses who deserve it. I will stop giving tax breaks to corporations that ship jobs overseas, and I will start giving them to companies that create good jobs right here in America. I will eliminate capital gains taxes for small businesses and start-ups -- that's how we'll grow our economy and create the high-wage, high-tech jobs of tomorrow. I will cut taxes -- cut taxes -- for 95% of all working families. My opponent doesn't want you to know this, but under my plan, tax rates will actually be less than they were under Ronald Reagan. If you make less than $250,000 a year, you will not see your taxes increase one single dime. In fact, I offer three times the tax relief for middle-class families as Senator McCain does -- because in an economy like this, the last thing we should do is raise taxes on the middle-class. I will finally keep the promise of affordable, accessible health care for every single American. If you have health care, my plan will lower your premiums. If you don't, you'll be able to get the same kind of coverage that members of Congress give themselves. And I will stop insurance companies from discriminating against those who are sick and need care the most I will create the jobs of the future by transforming our energy economy. We'll tap our natural gas reserves, invest in clean coal technology, and find ways to safely harness nuclear power. I'll help our auto companies re-tool, so that the fuel-efficient cars of the future are built right here in America. I'll make it easier for the American people to afford these new cars. And I'll invest 150 billion dollars over the next decade in affordable, renewable sources of energy -- wind power and solar power and the next generation of biofuels; an investment that will lead to new industries and five million new jobs that pay well and can't ever be outsourced And now is the time to finally meet our moral obligation to provide every child a world-class education, because it will take nothing less to compete in the global economy. I'll recruit an army of new teachers, and pay them higher salaries and give them more support. But in exchange, I will ask for higher standards and more accountability. And we will keep our promise to every young American -- if you commit to serving your community or your country, we will make sure you can afford a college education. This is the change we need -- the kind of bottom up growth and innovation that will advance the American economy by advancing the dreams of all Americans. Times are hard. I will not pretend that the changes we need will come without cost -- though I have presented ways we can achieve these changes in a fiscally responsible way. I know that we'll have to overcome our doubts and divisions and the determined opposition of powerful special interests before we can truly reform a broken economy and advance opportunity. But I am running for President because we simply cannot afford four more years of an economic philosophy that works for Wall Street instead of Main Street, and ends up devastating both. I don't want to wake up in four years to find that more Americans fell out of the middle-class, and more families lost their savings. I don't want to see that our country failed to invest in our ability to compete, our children's future was mortgaged on another mountain of debt, and our financial markets failed to find a firmer footing. This time -- this election -- is our chance to stand up and say: enough is enough! We can do this because Americans have done this before. Time and again, we've battled back from adversity by recognizing that common stake that we have in each other's success. That's why our economy hasn't just been the world's greatest wealth generator -- it's bound America together, it's created jobs, and it's made the dream of opportunity a reality for generation after generation of Americans. Now it falls to us. And I need you to make it happen. If you want the next four years looking just like the last eight, then I am not your candidate. But if you want real change -- if you want an economy that rewards work, and that works for Main Street and Wall Street; if you want tax relief for the middle class and millions of new jobs; if you want health care you can afford and education so that our kids can compete; then I ask you to knock on some doors, and make some calls, and talk to your neighbors, and give me your vote on November 4th. And if you do, I promise you -- we will win Colorado, we will win this election, and we will change America together. END


From Voices of Our World | 28:01

Global Food Crisis

Food_small Part One: DEVASTATING SOLUTIONS Throughout the world countries are in the midst of a food emergency that is as complex as it is dire. So, exactly how have food aid programs, farm subsidies, agri-business, and world financial institutions all contributed to the shameful truth that nearly 900 million people are starving throughout the world? Join us as we take a critical look at the issues of world hunger, poverty, and the global food crisis with the Executive Director of The Oakland Institute, Anuradha Mittal and Rachel Smolker of The Global Justice Ecology Project Part Two: DEVASTATING SOLUTIONS (2) The co-dependent and morally defunct relationship between global corporate profits and the politics of food is at the heart of why many people continue to go hungry worldwide. Global powerhouses like The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the U.S. Government and European Union, not to mention private corporations, are the true gatekeepers for global food assistance, and they are all clearly complicit in the use of food aid as a weapon. We return to our conversation with the Executive Director of The Oakland Institute, Anuradha Mittal and Rachel Smolker of The Global Justice Ecology Project

Barack Obama-The Remix

From Peter Bochan | Part of the Shortcuts series | 54:17

Barack Obama-The Campaign for President

Obamacookie_small Barack Obama - The journey to the White House, reMixed in words & music-introduced by Robert F. Kennedy and featuring Bill Cosby, Oprah Winfrey, John McCain, Chris Rock, Colin Powell, George W. Bush, Sarah Palin, Steve Harvey, Will. i. am, Hillary Clinton, The Pointer Sisters, The Drifters, John Legend, Homer Simpson, Moby, Bruce Springsteen, Ted Kennedy, FDR, The Little Rascals, Kevin So, Branford Marsalis, M.C. Yogi, Martin Luther King Jr, Sam Cooke, John Lewis, Quiet Village, David Letterman, Tim Russert. Katie Couric, Charles Gibson, Matt Damon, Roy Budd, Iron & Wine, Dephazz, Curtis Mayfield & The Impressions, The Edwin Hawkins Singers, various politicians, excited voters...and Barack Obama.

Yes We Can!


From Western Folklife Center Media | 03:00

Brenn Hill talks about his song, "Debt" on What's in a Song.


It's rare these days to tune in to the news on the radio and not hear reports on the sputtering economy, rising fuel prices and people struggling to make ends meet; and if you decide you need a break from bad news, don't tune in to your country music station, because you may hear the same story all over again.

This week's What's in a Song is no different. In it, we hear from Utah cowboy singer Brenn Hill with his song, "Debt," written after seeing friends dragged down by debt. Brenn has been performing at the National Cowboy Poetry Gathering since he was too young to even qualify for a credit card, and now he is one of the most innovative voices in contemporary cowboy music.

The song is featured on Brenn's new album, What a Man's Got To Do. Purchase the CD in our online store. 

Surviving the Depression and Segregation

From KUT | 07:09

First-Person Oral History on surviving the Great Depression in a Segregated Society.

Image002_small Retired pharmacist Ben Sifuentes was only 10 years old in 1938 when his father died, the year after his grandfather died. The oldest of five kids, Sifuentes did whatever he could to help feed his family in an era before food stamps, before free school lunch, and when Mexican-Americans faced severe discrimination. This is a first-person oral history.

Drug Czar's Office Gone to Pot and Law Enforcement Against Prohibition

From Chris Goldstein | Part of the Active Voice Radio series | 29:31

An essay discussing a recent review ordered by Congress of the ONDCP and an interview with Howard Wooldridge of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition


President Obama will officially nominate a new Drug Czar today. Seattle Police Chief Gil Kerlikowske may represent a sea-change for the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, if his nomination is approved by Congress.

 A recent review of the ONDCP ordered by Congress from the National Academy of Public Administration found many shortcomings in the office and the effectiveness of their strategies.

My blog on that report here:


Among their findings:
- ONDCP has focused too heavily on marijuana
- The tunnel- vision on cannabis has been detrimental to the nation
- ONDCP has been uselessly involved with other agencies and government entities, in some cases preventing progress
- ONDCP has failed to produce comprehensive financial overviews of prohibition policy and enforcement for the President and Congress
- ONDCP staff is poorly managed
- There is no effective performance review of the strategies ONDCP implemented

Chris presents a commentary essay on the NAPA report. www.napawash.org

Also in the program, an interview with former police detective Howard Wooldridge who has been involved with the group Law Enforcement Against Prohibition or LEAP. Howard discusses the change inatttiude toward prohibition reform he has encountered recently in Washington DC. Howard is one of the most visible members of LEAP and has interacted with thousands in the public and in elected office. He joined us today by phone from Capitol Hill.

More on LEAP at 


"Havana Nocturne: How The Mob Owned Cuba And Then Lost It To The Revolution"

From Dred-Scott Keyes | 54:37

A look at the contending forces-the mob,a brutal dictatorship, United Fruit and Fidel Castro-prior to the Cuban revolution

Prx_nocturnal_small Through most of the 1950s, Cuba was ruled by brutal dictator Fulgencio Batista. In Havana, however, a second government, no less powerful and no less brutal, ruled. Mob bosses Meyer Lansky and Charles "Lucky" Luciano turned the island's largest city into a devil's playground of gambling, prostitution, and drugs. "Havana Nocturne" examines the rise and fall of the mob as the revolutionary forces of Fidel Castro triumphed over it, the Bastista government and U.S. corporations.

Active Voice Radio Essay: The Racial Bias of Marijuana Prohibition Enforcement

From Chris Goldstein | 03:50

Is Marijuana Prohibition Enforcement Institutionalized Racism? 85% of all the possession arrests in New York City and Philadelphia are mirrors to Geroge Obama in Kenya.

Default-piece-image-1 Chris Goldstein is the host of Active Voice Radio and produced the NORML Foundation Podcasts from 2005-2008 focusing on marijuana law reform.

Essay Text *NOTE- This was originally a blog post and there are slight changes in the voice-over.
The Racial Bias of Marijuana Prohibition Enforcement

President Obama's half brother was arrested for possession of marijuana, then quickly released in Kenya. Of course if Barack Obama had been arrested for minor possession in his twenties I might never have gotten the chance to vote for him. Despite inhaling with apparent frequency, he was never caught once. He was very lucky.

About 85% of marijuana arrests in places like New York City and Philadelphia look just like George Obama: Young, African-American or Latino men, picked up for simple possession of less than 1 ounce. In 2007 there were almost 15,000 George Obama type arrests in those two cities alone.
The discussions of race and racism in America have been prominent in media since the presidential campaign, yet this aspect has been completely overlooked. We can address racist people or attitudes, but what about racist institutions? Many see a form of Institutionalized Racism remaining, even in our modern era, with Marijuana Prohibition Enforcement.

One need only look at the data to see that an overwhelming majority of urban marijuana arrests are young black men. Professor Harry G Levine of Queens College in NYC published his analysis of the data that shows a clear racial bias in enforcement.

Yet African-American, Caucasian and Latino Americans smoke marijuana at about the same rate.  So why are marijuana arrests so disproportionate?

Perhaps it will be the one joint in the pocket of George Obama that will finally move the President to more fully acknowledge the topic. Because a modern approach to addressing racism in this country is hot-air unless we apply the race-test to marijuana enforcement.

There is an opportunity for a structured end to marijuana Prohibition and a stop to this institutionalized racism. Reformers have hinted that a fast-track to regulation could be a new Presidential Commission on Marijuana. This concept would mirror the 1970-72 Shaffer Commission that recommended marijuana be decriminalized and removed from Schedule I in the Controlled Substances Act.

The massive social and economic incentives realized with a peaceful end to the War on Marijuana both at home and abroad are rather clear. Chief among them is stopping the arrest of over 870, 000 Americans annually, millions more around the globe, most for simple possession.

Like it or not, our Prohibition has global reach, but so could our reform. We can stop needlessly arresting millions like George Obama.

Cannabis Prohibition will inevitably end, maybe from sheer critical mass as over 40% of the country have self-reported on federal surveys that they have tried marijuana. Or we could have the courage and fortitude to end marijuana prohibition by design.
America could close the book on an infamous method of institutional racial bias. Let's keep young people in school, out of jail and perhaps get an economic bailout from marijuana, when we truly need it. President Obama, the tens of millions of American marijuana consumers are looking for the same thing George received this week: Freedom.


Haiti's Dark Secret: The Restavecs

From Rachel Leventhal | 12:57

Josimene is ten years old. She is one of Haiti's 300,000 restavecs, or child slaves. While her parents were promised she'd be educated if they sent her to the city, her days are limited to performing strenuous household chores. She is beaten and sleeps on the floor. One day, she makes the journey back to the mountains, hoping to reunite with her family.

Unphoto_haiti_small Haiti, a nation of only eight million people, is home to some 300,000 restavecs -– young children who are frequently trafficked from the rural countryside to work as domestic servants in the poverty-stricken nation's urban areas.

Parents send their children away, often to wealthy looking strangers, hoping that they will be fed and educated in exchange for performing domestic work.

As poverty and political turmoil in Haiti increases, human rights observers report that the number of restavecs continues to rise dramatically.

Documentary photographer Gigi Cohen spent a month in Haiti photographing Josiméne, a 10-year-old restavec. Cohen's is one of 11 stories that are part of Child Labor and the Global Village: Photography for Social Change, a project of The Tides Center and Julia Dean & Associates.

Cohen's month with Josiméne evolved into more than a simple assignment –- the two forged a close relationship. Freelance producer Rachel Leventhal asked Cohen if, in addition to her photographic assignment, she would also make recordings for the radio. Using Cohen’s recordings, she tells Josiméne's story.

Josiméne lives in a two-room cinderblock house outside of Port-au-Prince. Her parents, who have seven other children, are small farmers in Haiti's remote and mountainous heartland.

Among her other duties, Josiméne cares for two younger children, cleans the house, washes dishes, scrubs laundry by hand, runs errands and sells small items from the family's informal store. She has lived this way for over two years, since she was seven. It has been over six months since she has seen her family.


Aha Moment: Underground Railroad

From Zak Rosen | 04:29

Therese Peterson started volunteering as an actor in the the Underground Railroad Reenactment tour in late 2005. She says that if she wasn't given the opportunity to play the part of the conductor, she might not be with us today. Therese takes us through the tour, and tells us how being a conductor changed her forever.


The Underground Railroad was an informal but vast network of people who helped slaves escape from their holders in the 1800's.  It's estimated that during its height…between 1810 and 1860…The Underground Railroad helped over 30-thousand people escape enslavement. 


The First Congregational Church of Detroit was known for being a safe house for escaped slaves to sleep and eat along their journey.  Today the church, which has since moved to midtown Detroit, plays host to the Underground Railroad Living Museum. 


Volunteer actors lead tours Monday through Saturday in the church's basement.  The walking tours from slavery to Freedom last about 40 minutes, but they represent a grueling and profoundly dangerous yearlong journey from Oak Alley Louisiana to the Canadian border, northeast of Detroit, Michigan.  The tours are lead by conductors, which are in the case of this reenactment, escaped slaves as well. 

Therese Peterson started volunteering as an actor in the Confrontational Church's tour in late 2005.  She says that if she wasn't given the opportunity to play the part of the conductor…she might not be with us today.  Therese takes us through the tour…and tells us how being a conductor changed her forever. reenactment


Episode 12. Lincoln's Dilemma: Saving the Union or Freeing the Slaves?

From ERIC V. TAIT, JR. | Part of the Then I'll Be Free To Travel Home-the Legacy of the New York African Burial Ground series | 59:00

The NY City Draft Riots & The Battle of Ft. Wagner - July 1863

Family_small Riots and a Civil War! When the dissident southern states issued their Ordinance of Secession to break from the Union, there was no mention of States Rights, or Tariffs or any of the other so-called key economic reasons for the breakaway. Of the ten reasons cited, eight of them dealt specifically with slavery. (For plantation owners that was the dominant economic issue). Lincoln was elected with a minority of the popular vote; his main concern was preserving the Union. Many of his war policies were highly unpopular - not just in the South, but even in New York - whose mercantile-and-maritime economy was strongly tied to the southern plantation owners and their crops. The Emancipation Proclamation only attempted to free slaves in the rebel Confederacy, not the non-seceeding Border States. But, when coupled with the Conscription Act of 1863 (first ever national Draft) it triggered bloody riots and Civil War. How all these political, war-time issues unfold and play out nationally and locally (as exemplified by the NY City Draft Riots and Battle for Ft. Wagner) makes for an informative and fascinating Segment #12.

Slavery in America: 1870 through WWII

From Burton Cohen | 59:59

Interview with Doug Blackmon, author: Slavery By Another Name

Bcphoto_small We were taught that slavery ended with the civil war. But the sickening truth is that tens of thousands of African Americans were enslaved by major American businesses from "emancipation" until World War II. On this edition of Portside, Burt Cohen speaks with the Wall Street Journal's Douglas Blackmon about his new book, Slavery By Another Name. Yo need to know the facts of this hidden chapter of American history.

Andrew Ward: The Songs of Slavery

From KUOW | Part of the Sound Focus series | 09:30

Seattle Historian and author Andrew Ward on his personal connection to the spiritual "Steal Away" KRAK

Default-piece-image-2 African-American spirituals and slave songs are an area of expertise for Seattle-based author Andrew Ward. Not only has he written acclaimed books on the role of music in slavery, but the songs of African-Americans recur and resonate in Andrew's personal life. Andrew Ward is the author of "The Slaves' War: The Civil War in the Words of Former Slaves" and "Dark Midnight When I Rise: The Story of the Fisk Jubilee Singers" Andrew Ward tells Dave Beck at KUOW, Seattle, about the special connection Andrew feels to the song "Steal Away" KRAK

WTW Texts of Resistance

From Modern Language Association | Part of the What's the Word? Two half-hour programs celebrating Black History Month series | 29:00

How did slaves resist their oppression? Three works explore what it means to resist and to survive.


Texts of Resistance

Since the late eighteenth century, writers have addressed the issue of transatlantic slavery.  Some of the works are direct calls to abolitionist action; others define resistance more subtly.   On this program, John Bugg talks about an eighteenth-century slave narrative, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano; Russ Castronovo tells us about Frederick Douglass’s novella, The Heroic Slave; and Natasha Barnes explores The Known World by Edward P. Jones.

Well-suited to Black History Month in February.

Fifteen- and thirty-second promos available.

Beyond the Scars

From Voices of Our World | 27:58

BEYOND THE SCARS: A perspective from the survivors of America?s race wars; author Roger Gottlieb, Liberating Faith & the memories of a survivor of the Greensboro, N.C. KKK massacre, Signe Waller, on her memoir Love and Revolution.

King_small PART 1: By the late 70?s most of us thought that the darkest days of racial hatred and violence were well behind us. We were premature in our optimism. On November 3, 1979, a nine car caravan of armed Ku Klux Klan and Nazis shot 15 demonstrators at an anti-Klan rally, killing 5 people as local TV news cameras rolled. The shooters than left the scene without any police interference. Despite the fact that all the perpetrators were clearly identifiable on film, 2, all white juries acquitted the shooters because the victims were identified as members of the Communist Workers Party. Kathy Golden speaks with Signe Waller, survivor and widow of murdered Dr. James Michael Waller. PART 2: Dr. King implored our nation ?to live out the true meaning of its creed, that all men are created equal?. Unfortunately in everyday America, not all of us embrace that principal. While slavery died 200 years ago, at the current pace, college graduation parity between blacks and whites will not be reached until 2075. Dr. King brought us part of the way? the rest we have to do ourselves. Kathy Golden talks with Roger Gottlieb on his latest anthology, devoted to those who have inspired social progress and then we hear from the late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Follow the Money

From Liz Jones | Part of the A Village Away from Home series | 09:02

A look at the economic forces that push the Purepecha from home and pull them toward Seattle.

3c_small Some call the Purepecha's homeland in central Mexico 'the Mexican dustbowl.' Deforestation scars the mountainsides, and abandoned farm plots shrivel under the hot sun. For many, the search for work now leads North. KUOW's Liz Jones takes us on a job search from the Mexican countryside to the shores of the Duwamish.

What Would Malcolm X Say About Barack Obama?

From WPSU | 05:06

A Penn State historian asks the question: What would Malcolm X say about the candidacy of Barack Obama?

Default-piece-image-1 In his autobiography, Senator Barack Obama writes that he found inspiration in the life of the activist Malcolm X. Last month, as part of a lecture series sponsored by the African and African American Studies Student Council at University Park, a Penn State historian conducted a thought experiment: What would Malcolm X say about the candidacy of Barack Obama?

1985 Amiri Baraka - Why's Wise

From Naropa University | Part of the Jack Kerouac Disembodied School of Poetics series | 04:51

A powerful 1985 reading of an anti slavery poem by the late Amiri Baraka. In this piece, Baraka treats the issue of voice - and what happens when a political group 'takes away your oom-oom-ba-boom'.

Amiribaraka_small Baraka attended Naropa University's Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics as a lecturer for many years, at Allen Ginsberg's request. In this piece, Baraka treats the issue of voice - and what happens when a political group 'takes away your oom-oom-ba-boom'. This piece is explicitly anti-slavery, and implicity calling for racial justice. This piece is from Naropa University Archive's Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics collection. Allen Ginsberg founded the Kerouac School, a writing program, in 1974, and for 30 years he brought a group of counter culture writers, artists and thinkers to Boulder for a Summer Program. Naropa's Audio Archive is digitizing 2000 hours of readings, lectures and panel discussions, several hundred hours of which is available for free at www.archive.org. Click through 'audio' to 'naropa' and browse. The piece has never been broadcast - you will be among the first to make this rare recording available to listeners.

Active Voice Radio 6-15-07: Gerald Horne- The Deepest South: The US, Brazil and the African Slave Trade

From Chris Goldstein | 29:33

This week on AVR we're going to explore America's history of slavery with Gerald Horne, Morris Professor of African American studies at the University of Houston, his newest book is the Deepest South The United States, Brazil and the African Slave Trade

Default-piece-image-0 This week on AVR we?re going to explore America's history of slavery. - Our country and our economy was built on the backs of millions of Africans and Native Americans who were kidnapped from their homes and families and forced to live out a life of hard labor to enrich white Europeans and White Americans. For centuries twisted religious and moral beliefs spawned the industrial abuse of fellow human beings. -This system was so entrenched into the ideals of this country that 140 years since the end of the civil war our history of slavery still has an underlying hand in shaping our foreign and domestic polices and our continued struggle to gain true equality fro every man woman and child in America. Many may think that the Union Victory of the civil war ended the slave trade for White Southerner, but a new book shines a light on a forgotten portion of history that had Americans continuing to traffic in kidnapped human beings long after Appomattox Courthouse. This week and next week we welcome to the program Gerald Horne, he is Morris Professor of African American studies at the University of Houston?his newest book is the Deepest South The United States, Brazil and the African Slave Trade. Also: MUSIC FROM MIKEY DREAD

Growing the Green Collar Economy

From A World of Possibilities | 55:00

A one hour interview with Majora Carter and Van Jones.

Green_collar_small In hard times most of us are grateful for any job, but as we face increasing unemployment, poverty, and climate change, the Obama administration proposes to put thousands of Americans to work insulating homes and public buildings, installing solar panels, and reclaiming industrial wastelands. Majora Carter and Van Jones have helped place green collar jobs near the top of the national agenda.

Episode 5. Early Slave Resistance

From ERIC V. TAIT, JR. | Part of the Then I'll Be Free To Travel Home-the Legacy of the New York African Burial Ground series | 59:00

Slave revolts & resistance: New England / New York 1712, etc.

Family_small The prevalent, accepted myth is that enslaved Africans in North America pretty much docilely accepted their enslavement. The evidence is quite to the contrary. The number of revolts and runaways - especially in the north - are early, and significant. (The NY Colonial Legislature passed a law mandating the death penalty for any slave found 40 miles north of Albany). Highlighting that early struggle, and how it literally paved the way for what would, almost a hundred years later, come to be known as the Underground Railroad, makes for an enlightening Segment #5.

Hard Times for African-American Workers

From Dick Meister | 03:30

African-American workers have been hit especially hard by the alarming growth of unemployment.

Default-piece-image-2 Although many Americans have been hit hard by the alarming growth of unemployment, none have com close to being hit as hard as African-American workers. A new report shows that their jobless rate has soared to twice that of white workers and is likely to go even higher.To make it worse,the number of black workers eligible for Unemployment Insurance is declining, as is the number with the protection of unions. The report from the prestigious Center for American Progress recommends a series of steps essential to combating the problem.

Dropping Like Flies: Jeremy Shine on Media and Violence

From Ayana Contreras | 02:52

Jeremy talks about what role media plays in the violence that plagues so many of our communities. He also tells what the plague robbed him of. Recorded in Gary, Indiana in May of 2008.

2008_05_07_005_small Jeremy Shine is a Photojournalist who was raised in Chicago, IL.  He was recorded while canvassing in Gary, Indiana for the Obama Presidential Campaign.  Originally aired on Vocalo.org, WBEW-FM.

This I Believe - Van Jones

From This I Believe | Part of the This I Believe series | 04:05

Environmental activist and White House advisor Van Jones believes in making his late father proud.


HOST:  Today on This I Believe, we hear from Van Jones, the founder of Green For All, an organization that promotes so-called green-collar jobs to relieve environmental problems and poverty at the same time.  But as he was writing his essay, Jones got offered a new job – at the White House – and Jones says he felt compelled to take the job as a way to honor his belief.  Here's Van Jones with his essay for This I Believe.

JONES:  I believe in making my father proud.

I think my dad would have been proud this month to see his son going off to work for the Obama administration—but not too proud.

My father was born black and poor in the segregated South.  As a middle school principal, he specialized in taking public schools that were failing poor kids, and transforming them into centers of safety and learning.

He was a no-nonsense hard case.  He was like that principal that Morgan Freeman played in that movie, “Lean On Me,” the one who turns around a tough high school.  But dad hated that comparison. “I tell these kids, don’t lean on me.  Lean on yo’ self.”

My dad worked hard, and he smoked hard. In March of last year, his lungs gave out.  But his spirit never did.  Even in his last days, lying in a small-town hospital bed, two things always made him smile:  seeing his three-year-old grandson, and watching then-candidate Barack Obama appear on television.

Daddy couldn’t talk at the end, but whenever Obama’s face would flash across the screen, my father would scrawl a ragged “O” on a piece of paper.  He would look at me and give me that slow nod.

By then daddy knew he was not going to make it.  But he believed that Obama would.

Daddy had confidence in me, too. When he died, I was just getting traction for my own ideas for uplifting urban youth—by getting them green jobs in the solar industry and green construction—so that society could fight poverty and pollution at the same time. Like my dad, I kept pushing the idea forward, even when others doubted.

And then something magical happened:  Obama won the presidency.   More than 300,000 people applied to work in the White House.  I was not one of them.  I had a great job, and I was happy where I was.  But one day, a top administration official called me. And this month, I will go to work in President Barack Obama’s White House as a special advisor on green jobs.

My dad would have gotten a kick out of that.  But I also know that every weekend he would have asked me all the tough questions.

“Black faces in high places don’t make nobody free, boy.  Folks can’t eat them sound bites of yours.   How many jobs did you get for people this week?  Folks need some paychecks around here, son, and they ain’t getting any.  And what are y’all gonna do about these banks?”

My father started life with next to nothing, but he found a way to help countless young people climb out of poverty.  Today, despite the obstacles, we have so much more going for us.  He would always say, “I don’t see no dogs and fire hoses stopping you from doing anything.”

No matter today’s difficulties, Daddy would not have accepted anything less than spectacular results from us.  I won’t either.

Someday, I will meet my father again. When Willie Anthony Jones starts grilling me, I plan to have some great answers for all his questions.   He deserves no less than that from me.  This I believe.

Hip-Hop Essay Contest

From Next Generation Radio | Part of the NPR's Next Generation Radio series | 03:53

As a teen, Judge Hassan El-Amin saw hip hop as an underground expression of New York urban lifestyle. When he became a father of 7, hip hop became the day's news. He enlisted Washington DC-area high school students to explain their favorite music.

Wsoohoo_small As a teen, Judge Hassan El-Amin saw hip hop as an underground expression of New York urban lifestyle. When he became a father of 7, hip hop became the day's news. He enlisted Washington DC-area high school students to explain their favorite music.

Hip-Hop is Dead

From WAMU | 05:57

A look at the evolution of Hip-Hop music.

Hip-Hop is Dead

Default-piece-image-0 Some people love it and others can't stand it, yet Hip-Hop music continues to make millions and influence the world of entertainment and popular culture. Youth Voices Reporter Joe Wiseman explores Hip-Hop's roots, where it is and where it's going...

The War Comes Home: Washington's Battle Against America’s Veterans

From Making Contact | Part of the Making Contact series | 29:00

As we mark the 6th anniversary of the US invasion of Iraq, reporter Aaron Glantz takes us inside the war as it comes home to our communities. We focus on the role educational institutions can play in helping former soldiers adjust to civilian life.

Episode_pic_for__11-09_small Nearly two million Americans have fought in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.  On this edition, reporter Aaron Glantz takes us inside the war as it comes home to our communities, with a focus on the special role our educational institutions can play in helping former soldiers adjust to civilian life.

Mining for Disclosure

From Bill Baue | 28:27

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, or EITI, is the focus of today’s show. First, we hear from Bennett Freeman, who serves on the EITI board. Then, we hear from Arvind Ganesan of Human Rights Watch, who shares some concerns about EITI with Sea Change Radio Co-Host Bill Baue.


Bennett FreemanArvind Ganesan

The “resource curse.”  That’s the term for “developing” countries whose wealth of natural resources fuels corruption.  Oil and mining companies from developed countries pay taxes and other fees that are intended to help governments lift their citizens out of poverty.  But some of these payments are siphoned into private pockets — essentially amounting to bribes.

That’s where the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, or EITI, comes in.  At the 2002 World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa, then-British Prime Minister Tony Blairunveiled EITI as a way to combat corruption.  The initiative calls for companies to “publish what you pay” and for governments to “publish what you earn.”  Any differences between the two point to corruption.

On May 15, the EITI board met in Washington, DC, where President Obama’s Deputy Assistant Michael Froman reported that  the Obama Administration strongly supports EITI.”  At that meeting,Albania, Burkina Faso, Mozambique and Zambia were accepted as EITI Candidates.  At the EITI Global Conference in February, Azerbaijan was the first (and still only) country accepted as EITI compliant, meaning it has passed a validation assuring it meets transparency standards.

Between these two meetings, Sea Change Radio spoke with Bennett Freeman.  He’s Senior Vice President for Social Research and Policy at Calvert, the socially responsible mutual fund firm.  He also serves on the board of Oxfam America, as well as the board of EITI.  He has deep experience on business and human rights.  Freeman served asDeputy Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor in the State Department under Bill Clinton.  After that, he wrote one of the first-ever Human Rights Impact Assessments, for the oil company BP.

Freeman discusses the significance of the recent disclosure by mining company Rio Tinto of its payments to countries where it operatesPublish What You Pay, a UK-based NGO that spurred the whole extractives transparency movement, applauded Rio Tinto while also pushing for deeper disclosure.

Freeman also discusses the Extractive Industries Transparency Disclosure Act (EITDA), proposed last year by Barney Frank (D-MA) in the House and Chuck Schumer (D-NY) in the Senate.  Freeman says that the bill will be re-introduced this spring, and has greater chance of passage in the current political climate.  This legislation highlights the tension in the world of corporate responsibility between voluntary initiatives, such as EITI, and mandatory standards, such as the EITDA.

Arvind Ganesan has a few questions about EITI.  He’s director of the business and human rights program at Human Rights Watch, and he’s a regular commentator on Sea Change Radio.  Co-host Bill Baue spoke with him earlier this month.  He’d just returned from Angola, where he witnessed on-the-ground impacts from corruption.  Ganesan also discusses the voluntary/mandatory issue, which he recently wrote about in a Business for Social Responsibility newsletter.

Finding Their Voices

From War News Radio | 28:56

News and features on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

090522womenprotest_small This week on War News Radio, we hear what an Iraqi women's rights activist is doing to change laws and attitudes in her country. 

Then, we talk with Ellen Spiro, co-director of the documentary "Body of War," about how the young veteran featured in the film overcame depression to become an anti-war activist. 

Finally, we hear the story of an aid worker in Kabul who found life in the Afghan capital both frustrating and rewarding. 

DRP: Sudanese Refugee Crisis in Chad

From Sudan Radio Project | 06:02

From the Darfur Radio Project: a look at the growing refugee crisis in Sudan’s next-door neighbor, Chad.

Drplogo Violence in Darfur has caused a massive spillover of refugees into Chad.  Although the locals originally welcomed the refugees, competition for resources has led to hostility between the two groups.  Clarissa Skinner reports.

This piece first aired in "Crossing the Border" on February 1st, 2009.

Best of Spring 2009

From Sudan Radio Project | 28:56

Analysis and exploration of current issues surrounding the conflict in Darfur.

Ap060823032747_small Since the Darfur Radio Project began reporting in fall 2007, we've produced one show each month, taking an in-depth look at conflict in Sudan. Our stories have ranged from political analysis to cultural perspectives to personal accounts of life in Sudan.  This month, as we prepare to go on our summer break, we take a listen to the highlights of Spring 2009. 

First, we learn about the fate of Sudanese refugees in Israel.

Next, we examine the much-talked about relationship between China and Sudan–who’s benefiting, and why?

Then, we hear Sudanese responses to the election of Barack Obama as President of the United States.

And, a look at the growing refugee crisis in Sudan’s next-door neighbor, Chad.

Finally, we hear the story of one Sudanese family who recently took a trip to Darfur to attend an old friend’s wedding.

WNR: Sgt. Chuck's Tour of Iraq

From War News Radio | 06:24

From "Six Years In" (March 20, 2009): War News Radio features the story of an U.S. soldier who found himself in the Sunni Triangle in April of 2003.

Wnrpodart_medium War News Radio's Madeleine Abromowitz speaks with a U.S. soldier who served in Iraq in the first months of the war and found himself frustrated by the Army's flawed approach to winning hearts and minds.

The piece was first featured in "Six Years In" on March 20, 2009.

Our American "Empire" with controversal Harvard historian Niall Ferguson -- on ThoughtCast!

From Jenny Attiyeh | 19:21

Contrarian historian Niall Ferguson says the US is an empire -- in denial! And that we'd better get our act together!!

Ferguson_small In some ways, the Scottish historian Niall Ferguson is the Russell Crowe of the academic world: charismatic, unconventional, and definitely controversial. He's also a big fan of the British Empire -- and wants the United States to follow in its footsteps. That means it's our job to form colonies in hot climates, for years on end. Are we up for this? While Niall would like that to be the case, he doesn't really think so, because, he says, we're an empire "in denial"... ThoughtCast's Jenny Attiyeh met with Ferguson in his office at Harvard University... ( Attiyeh is pronounced Uh-TEE-uh...) NOTE: This interview is available in two lengths -- 3:55 minutes and 15:26 minutes. Guess which one I think is better... Thanks!

WNR: Caring for Returning Veterans

From War News Radio | 06:36

From "Pen to Paper" (March 13, 2009): War News Radio finds out about how a veterans center founded by a Vietnam vet is helping those returning from more recent conflicts.

Wnrpodart_medium Eight years after the invasion of Afghanistan, and six since the start of the Iraq War, a new generation of veterans is returning home from the battlefield with both physical and mental wounds.  But once home, many aren't receiving all the care they need.  Here in Philadelphia, a veteran of the Vietnam War is running a center that provides everything from shelter for homeless vets to job training for the unemployed.  War News Radio's Elise Garrity filed this report.

This piece was featured in "Pen to Paper" on March 13, 2009.

WNR: Afghanistan and Pakistan's Swat Valley

From War News Radio | 06:23

From "Center Stage" (February 20, 2009): War News Radio speaks with Radio Free Europe's Helena Malikyar about negotiations that began in late February between the Pakistani government and militants in the country's northwest region, and its effects on neighboring Afghanistan

Wnrpodart_medium In late February, the Pakistani government engaged in controversial negotiations with militants in the volatile Swat Valley. War News Radio's Emily Hager spoke with Helena Malikyar, a journalist who covers Afghanistan for Radio Free Europe, to find out more about what the negotiations might mean for Pakistan, and for Afghanistan's security.

The piece was first featured in "Center Stage" on February 20, 2009.

Immigrants Attacked in Small Town America

From Charles Lane | 17:33

In November 2008 an Ecuadorian immigrant named Marcello Lucero was attacked and killed in Patchogue, Long Island, allegedly by seven white teenagers who are now awaiting trial for murder and gang assault. But the attack on Lucero was not an isolated incident.

2009_02_050076_lucero-de-am_prx_small An investigative feature detailing stories of victims attacked by gangs of white teenagers.  Two versions are included here, a long and short version.

The Link: Education & Incarceration

From WAMU | 05:09

An examination of the direct relationship between schools and prisons.

Default-piece-image-0 Research shows that, in some parts of the country, as many as 76 percent of African American males don't graduate from high school. About a third of them are either in jail, or on parole or probation. Youth Voices Reporter Mahadeo Persaud set out to determine if there's a link between those two disturbing statistics...

Dayton In Transition

From Joe Sampson | 02:42

Can an old economy learn new tricks? In Dayton, Ohio the answer may be found on area college campuses.

Default-piece-image-2 For decades, Dayton, Ohio was a General Motors town. Then the GM plant closed in late 2008, so now what? Miami University journalism students Matt Berger, Kellyn Moran, Jill Span and Amy Wachler examine how  and why the Gem city is turning to generation Y for answers as it re-invents itself.

Katrina Oral History Montage (clean)

From Sarah Yahm | 07:06

This is an oral history montage from Katrina evacuees about their experiences in New Orleans and the way they were treated by the police and other authorities

Katrinaphoto_small This is an oral history montage produced with audio collected by Alive in Truth: The New Orleans Disaster Oral History and Memory Project. We hear the voices of a number of different Katrina evacuees as they describe the way they survived and their relationships with authorities and other people during the aftermath of the storm.

The Fire This Time

From Christopher Sprinkle | 06:04

Spoken-word poetry detailing memories of the 1991 Los Angeles Uprising

Default-piece-image-1 Moving spoken word poem from Los Angeles-based poet Imani Tolliver, giving light to her vivid memories of living through the 1991 LA Uprising as an African American woman. Imani Tolliver is a poet from Los Angeles. She studied English and African American Studies at Howard University. She is a co-host at Anaisi Writer’s Workshop at the World Stage in Leimert Park. Currently she works for the Salvation Army, serving high-risk youth in Hollywood. Her recent publications are Burn Rush the Nova Page; A Global Anthology of New Black Literature, Def Poetry Jam, and Beyond the Frontier.

Police Tape: From Rodney King to Aiyana Jones

From Making Contact | Part of the Making Contact series | 29:01

It’s been 20 years since four white police officers were cleared of unlawfully beating Rodney King in Los Angeles. But we might never have heard of Rodney King had it not been for an amateur cameraman who caught the whole thing on tape. On this edition, in a radio adaptation of Josh Wolf’s film, “Police Tape,” we hear how video cameras have changed the way we see the police.


It's been 20 years since four white police officers were cleared of unlawfully beating Rodney King in Los Angeles. But we might never have heard of Rodney King had it not been for an amateur cameraman who caught the whole thing on tape. On this edition, we hear how video cameras have changed the way we see the police. In a special radio adaptation of the film "Police Tape," journalist Josh Wolf investigates how law enforcement and amateur videographers across the country have responded to changing technologies.


Chris Drew, artist; Charlie LeDuff reporter; David Greene, First Amendment Project attorney; Mark Weinburg, American Civil Liberties Union attorney; Geoffrey Fieger, attorney for the family of Aiyana Jones; William Kilgore, cop-watcher; Holly Joshi, Oakland Police former spokesperson

Producers: Kyung Jin Lee, George Lavender
Host/Producer: Andrew Stelzer
Contributing Producer: Josh Wolf
Executive Director: Lisa Rudman
Development Associate: Steph St Clair
Web Editor: Irene Florez
Organizational Volunteers: Dan Turner, Alton Byrd, Dan Turner, Salima Hamirani and Barbara Muniz

Program #17-12- Begin date: 4/25/2012. End date: 10/25/2012.

Please call us if you carry us - 510-251-1332 and we will list your station on our website. If you excerpt, please credit early and often.

Tear Down This Statue

From Nathan Callahan | Part of the The SoCal Byte series | 05:14

A Thanksgiving Prayer Regarding the Fall of Ronald Reagan


Last week a bronze statue of Ronald Reagan at Bonita Canyon Sports Park in Newport Beach, California was remixed — painstakingly rendered, bent over, pulled down — in the same manner and position that Saddam Hussein’s statue was pulled down by Marines in Baghdad after our country’s illegal 2003 invasion of Iraq. Some thought it was thievery.  Some thought it was vandalism.  We know it was art.